LAB - arteries, nerves, injuries Flashcards Preview

Gross Anatomy > LAB - arteries, nerves, injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in LAB - arteries, nerves, injuries Deck (63)
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1

What are the artery components of the superficial dorsal network on forepaw?

Cranial superficial antebrachial - lateral & medial branches

2

What are the artery components of the deep dorsal artery network of the forepaw?

Caudal interosseous (main)
Radial (small)

3

What is another word for the deep dorsal artery network?

Dorsal carpal rete

4

What are the artery components of the superficial palmar arch of the forepaw?

Median (main)
Superficial branch of caudal interosseus (small)

5

What are they artery components of the deep palmar arch of the forepaw?

Deep branch of caudal interosseus (main)
Radial (small)

6

What are the arteries of the superficial dorsal forepaw called?

Dorsal common digital arteries

7

What are the arteries of the deep dorsal forepaw called?

Dorsal metacarpal arteries

8

What are the arteries of the superficial palmar arch called?

Palmar common digital arteries

9

What are the arteries of the deep palmar arch called?

Palmar metacarpal arteries

10

What veins are part of the superficial venous system?

Cephalic, accessory cephalic, , omobrachial, axillobrachial, median cubital

11

What veins are part of the deep venous system?

Axillary, brachial

12

Which veins serve as a connection between the deep and superficial veins?

Median cubital
Axillobrachial

13

What are the main lymph nodes?

Superficial cervical
Axillary

14

Are superficial cervical lymph nodes constant? Palpable?

Both constant and palpable

15

Are axillary lymph nodes constant? Palpable?

Constant but not palpable

16

Are accessory lymph nodes constant? Palpable?

Inconstant but usually palpable

17

Afferent lymph vessels of the superficial cervical lymph node

Lateral thoracic limb
Caudal portion of the head, part of the ear, lateral surface of the neck

18

Efferent lymph vessels of the superficial cervical lymph

Thoracic duct (left side)
Right tracheal trunk (right side)
External jugular vein (both sides)

19

Afferent lymph vessels of axillary lymph node

Thoracic & cranial abdominal mamma

Skin of shoulder and arm

All bones except digits

Humeral, cubital, caral joints

Muscles of thoracic limb

Accessory axillary lymph node

20

Efferent lymph vessels of axillary lymph node

External jugular vein
Thoracic duct (left)
Left & right tracheal trunk

21

Where is the accessory lymph node located?

2 to 3rd intercostal space

22

What are the afferent vessels of the accessory lymph node?

Thoracic and cranial abdominal mamma

Skin of lateral and ventral thoracic wall

Lateral and medial regions of shoulder, arm, elbow

23

Efferent vessels of of accessory lymph node

Axillary lymph node

24

What nerves form the brachial plexus?

Sixth cervical nerve
Seventh cervical Nerve
Eighth cervical nerve
Thoracic nerve 1
Thoracic nerve 2

25

What does the brachial plexus innervate?

Extrinsic & intrinsic muscles of thoracic limb
Skin of thoracic limb
Lateral wall of thorax

26

Why are there no cell bodies in the brachial plexus?

Cell bodies are located within the grey matter of the ventral horn

Efferent nerve travels from ventral horn to effector muscle

Afferents synapse in dorsal root ganglion

27

What nerves innervate the extrinsic muscles of the thoracic limbs?

Thoracodorsal
Lateral
Long thoracic
Cranial pectoral
Caudal pectoral

28

What nerves innervate the intrinsic muscles of the thoracic limb?

Suprascapular
Subscapular
Axillary
Musculocutaneous
Radial
Median
Ulnar

29

Which nerves have cutaneous branches?

Nerves of the intrinsic muscles except supra- subscapular

Axillary
Musculocutaneous
Radial
Median
Ulnar

30

What is the cutaneous area?

The total area of skin that is innervated by a given cutaneous nerve