Urogenital system III - female Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Urogenital system III - female Deck (38):
1

What are the 3 layers of peritoneum that make up the broad ligament of the uterus?

Mesovarium
Mesosalpinx
Mesometrium

2

What is the function of the mesovarium?

Attaches ovary to abdominal wall

3

What is the function of the mesosalpinx?

Extends from mesovarium and attaches the uterine tube

4

What is the ovarian bursa?

Pouch formed by mesovarium and mesosalpinx that contains ovary

5

What is the function of the mesometrium

Attaches uterine horns and body to abdominal wall

6

Where is the round ligament of the uterus located?

From ovary to inguinal canal on free border of lateral mesometrium

7

What is the embryonic precursor of the round ligament of the uterus?

Gubernaculum

8

What is the proper ligament of the ovary?

continuation of the suspensory ligament of the ovary

9

What is the function of the proper ligament of the ovary?

Attaches ovary to uterine horn

10

What hormones does the ovary produce?

Estrogen
Progesterone

11

What are the extremities of the ovary?

Tubual extremity
Uterine extremity

12

What are the borders of the ovary?

Free border
Mesovarium border

13

What is the difference in ovary appearance multiparous animals before vs during estrus

Ovary becomes nodular

14

The uterine tube is also known as the

fallopian tube

15

What are fimbriae?

Projections from the infundibulum to capture oocyte

16

What is the infundibulum?

Location of abdominal ostium
Site of fertilization

17

What is the abdominal ostium?

Opening in infundibulum that leads to tubular part of uterine tube

18

What is the uterine ostium?

Opening of the uterine tube to the horn of the uterus

19

Where is the uterine ostium located?

Tubouterine junction

20

What transport sperm to the uterine tube for fertilization?

Uterus

21

What are the 3 parts of the uterus?

Horns
Body
Cervix

22

What is the uterine velum?

Partition between uterine horns

23

What is the connective tissue between uterine horns called?

Intercornual ligament

24

Where is the body of the uterus located? (Abdominal or pelvic cavity?)

Both

25

What is the cervical canal?

Canal between internal urterine orifice & external uterine orifice

26

Where is the vaginal canal located?

Between uterus and vestibule

27

Is the vagina considered to be peritoneal?

Only cranial part
Rest is retroperitoneal

28

What is the vaginal fronix?

Cranial part of vagina that extends to the cervix

29

What is the function of the vestibule?

Connects vagina with vulva

30

What is the urethral tubercle?

Projection that contains external urethral orifice

31

What is the vestibular bulb?

Erectile tissue located in walls of vestibule

32

What is the rima pudendi?

Cleft of labii

33

What is the clitoris?

Homologue of the penis

34

Where is the clitoris located?

Fossa clitoridis

35

Is there a bone called the os clitoridis?

Sometimes

36

What are the structures of the clitoris?

2 crura
Body
Glans

37

What arteries supply the ovaries?

Ovarian artery

Vaginal branch of internal pudendal

Uterine branch from vaginal

38

What branches come from the internal pudendal artery?

Vaginal
Artery of the clitoris
Artery of the vestibular bulb