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Flashcards in UTI 1 Deck (18)
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1

where are UTIs most common

kidneys
bladder
urethra
prostate in men

2

what is a UTI refered to in healthy non pregnant patients

uncomplicated

3

what are complicated UTIs

patients with abnormal urinary tract
or
caused by resistant pathogens

4

what causes upper UTIs

acute pyelonephritis or chronic pyelonephritis

5

what are the most cause of chronic pyelonephritis in young children

vesicoureteral reflux

6

what is cystitis

lower tract infection
most common form of UTI
infection of bladder

7

what lower tract infection is usually associated with STD

urethritis

8

what is a symptomativ bacteremia of urinary tract origin and also most common cause of sepsis

urosepsis

9

what are predisposing factors for women to get cystitis

1 shorter urethra
2. close proximity of rectum to urethra
3. sexual intercourse

10

what is the most common predisposing factor for men to get UTIs

BPH

11

what is the pathogenesis of pyelonephritis

uropathogens ascend via ureters to the kidneys

12

what is organism isresponsible for most cases of pyelonephritis?
what structure helps them ascend to kidney

E. coli
type P fimbriae

13

what gram + organism often causes UTIs in young females

Staph. saprophyticus

14

what normal flora are common contaminants for UTIs in the urethra

strep.

15

what organism causes community acquired UTI in sexually active women

S. saprophyticus (coag - staph)

16

what often indicates hematogenous spread of infection to the kidney

S. aureus bacteruria

17

what are the clinical features of lower tract infections (cystitis)

dysuria (painful or difficult urine)
frequency
urgency
suprapubic pain
hematuria

18

what are the clinical features of upper UTIs (pyelonephritis)

fever
flank pain
costovertebral angle tenderness (CVA)
n/v