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Semester One - Nursing 111 > Week Nine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week Nine Deck (173)
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31

What should be assessed in elderly clients during enema administration?

vagal episodes, slow pulse, and irregular pulse

32

Nursing responsibilities for stool specimens

- Have the client defecate into a clean bedpan or bedside commode

33

Therapeutic Nursing Interventions for rectal suppository

- Hand hygiene and gloves

34

Anemia

lack of a normal number of red blood cells

35

Bradypnea

slow respiratory rate, usually below 10 respirations per minute

36

Cheyne Stoke Respirations

patter of breathing characterized by gradual increase of depth and sometimes in rate to a maximum level followed by a decrease resulting in apnea

37

Cyanosis

a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes

38

Diffusion

process by which molecules tend to move from an area where they are more concentrated to an area where they are less concentrated

39

Dyspnea

shortness of breath, difficult or labored respiration

40

Eupnea

normal relaxed breathing, easy

41

Hemoptysis

coughing up blood from the respiratory tract

42

Humidification

process of adding water to gas

43

Hypercarbia

the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood

44

Hyperventilation

an increased depth and rate of breathing greater than demanded by the body needs

45

Hypoventilation

respiratory rate remains abnormally low and is insufficient to meet the demands for normal oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide removal. (most common cause of hypercapnia)

46

Hypoxemia

deficient amount of oxygen in the blood

47

Hypoxia

deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells

48

Orthopnea

form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect

49

Productive Cough

cough with spitting of material from the bronchi

50

Nonproductive cough

dry, hacking, produces no secretions

51

Respiratory insufficiency

disturbance oflevels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood stream, inability of body to meet oxygen nees andremove CO2

52

Tachypnea

an abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually >20 breaths per minute

53

Oxygen Status Diagnostic Test Serum Hemoglobin

12-18g/100mL

54

Oxygen Status Diagnostic Test Serum Red Blood Cell Count

3.5-5.0 million/ cu. mm

55

Barrel Chest

a condition characterized by increased anterior-posterior chest diameter caused by increased functional residual capacity due to air trapping from small airway collapse. A barrel chest is frequently seen in patients with chronic obstructive diseases, such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

56

Funnel Chest

pectus excavatum; depression in the lower portion of the sternum, may cause compression of the heart

57

Pigeon Chest

pectus carinatum; sternum displaced anteriorly; costal cartilage beside the protruding sternum are depressed

58

Biorhythms

an innate periodicity in an organism's physiological processes, as sleep and wake cycles.

59

Circadian Rhythms

individual is awake when the physiologic and psychologic rhythms are most active and is asleep when the physiologic and psychologic rhythms are most inactive. Rhythmic repetition of patterns each 24 hours.

60

Hypnotic

depresses the central nervous system and usually produces sleep