Flashcards in WHM (3) Deck (24)
What is lower back pain classified as?
pain between the bottom of the rib cage and the buttocks creases
3 ways to prevent back pain?
Correct lifting technique
What is specific LBP?
Serious spinal disease and nerve root pain.
What is non specific LBP?
Pain that cannot be attributed to a known cause or area.
What did Steffens et al (2016) find about back pain?
Meta analysis and systematic review found that exercise and education reduces risk of LBP up to 45%
How long does acute LBP last for?
less than 6 weeks
How long does persistent LBP last for?
more than 6 weeks, less than 6 months
How long does chronic LBP last for?
more than 12 weeks
What did Koes et al (2010) do with regards to guidelines on NSLBP?
updated overview of clinical guidelines
In Koes et al's updated overview, what content did he review?
13 national guidelines, 2 international.
What did Koes' updated overview find helped chronic LBP?
What did Koes' updated overview find helped acute LBP?
Gradual activity in patient
Discourage bed rest
Consider psychosocial factors
What counts as psycho-social factors?
What does the negative branch of the Fear Avoidance Model involve?
Fear of movement
Avoidance of movement
Disuse of body
What does the positive branch of the Fear Avoidance Model involve?
Exposure to movement
What results in the 'Low Fear' stage in the positive branch of the Fear Avoidance Model involve?
Exercise and Education
Factors that can improve LBP?
Types of exercise
What does self efficacy refer to?
What types of exercise can improve LBP?
What medication can improve LBP?
Analgesia (Pain Killers)
What is osteoporosis?
Fragile bone disease, result from porous bones.
What is osteoporosis associated with?
What did Wolff et al (1999) find that could prevent osteoporosis?
Exercise Programmes prevent/reverse 1% of bone loss in menopausal women.