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Flashcards in WHM (3) Deck (24)
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1

What is lower back pain classified as?

pain between the bottom of the rib cage and the buttocks creases

2

3 ways to prevent back pain?

Regular exercise
Correct lifting technique
Good Posture

3

What is specific LBP?

Serious spinal disease and nerve root pain.

4

What is non specific LBP?

Pain that cannot be attributed to a known cause or area.

5

What did Steffens et al (2016) find about back pain?

Meta analysis and systematic review found that exercise and education reduces risk of LBP up to 45%

6

How long does acute LBP last for?

less than 6 weeks

7

How long does persistent LBP last for?

more than 6 weeks, less than 6 months

8

How long does chronic LBP last for?

more than 12 weeks

9

What did Koes et al (2010) do with regards to guidelines on NSLBP?

updated overview of clinical guidelines

10

In Koes et al's updated overview, what content did he review?

International guidelines
13 national guidelines, 2 international.

11

What did Koes' updated overview find helped chronic LBP?

Supervised Exercise
CBT
Multidisciplinary

12

What did Koes' updated overview find helped acute LBP?

Gradual activity in patient
Discourage bed rest
Consider psychosocial factors

13

What counts as psycho-social factors?

Stress
Hostility
Depression

14

What does the negative branch of the Fear Avoidance Model involve?

Pain Experience
Catastrophic Event
Fear of movement
Avoidance of movement
Disuse of body

15

What does the positive branch of the Fear Avoidance Model involve?

Pain Experience
Low Fear
Exposure to movement
Recovery

16

What results in the 'Low Fear' stage in the positive branch of the Fear Avoidance Model involve?

Exercise and Education

17

Factors that can improve LBP?

Self Efficacy
Types of exercise
Medication

18

What does self efficacy refer to?

Confidence

19

What types of exercise can improve LBP?

Postural control
Aerobic
Muscle Strengthening
Stretching

20

What medication can improve LBP?

Analgesia (Pain Killers)

21

What is osteoporosis?

Fragile bone disease, result from porous bones.

22

What is osteoporosis associated with?

Menopause

23

What did Wolff et al (1999) find that could prevent osteoporosis?

Exercise Programmes prevent/reverse 1% of bone loss in menopausal women.

24

What did Kemmler et al (1999) find that could prevent osteoporosis?

2 year intensive training programme effective in reducing bone loss in menopausal and osteopenic women.