Flashcards in WHM (2) Deck (25)
What is cardiovascular disease?
All diseases of the heart and circulation.
Examples of cardiovascular disease?
Coronary Heart Disease
Congenital Heart Disease
What is atherosclerosis?
Where arteries narrowed by gradual build up of fatty material in walls
What is type 1 diabetes?
Person's blood sugar becomes too high and the body doesn't produce insulin.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Person's blood sugar becomes too high and the insulin receptors stop working.
What is a risk factor of diabetes?
What is BMI a common method of measuring for?
Formula for BMI?
Body Weight (kg)/ Height (m)2
What is the waist circumference a simple measure of?
What is the physiological response in skeletal muscles to exercise?
Increased blood flow
What is the physiological response in 02 transport to exercise?
02 uptake increases, heart rate increases
What is the physiological response in metabolism to exercise?
Liver Glucose output increased
What is the physiological response in the CNS to exercise?
Cerebral blood flow and 02 supply maintained by somatic and autonomic systems
What is cardiovascular health made up of?
What is a fatty material referred to as?
What makes up cardio-metabolic markers?
Glucose intolerance/Insulin resistance
What makes up energy balance in the body?
What is energy intake made of?
What is energy expenditure made of?
What is the energy balance designed to do?
Help maintain energy balance and prevent weight gain.
What does HIIT stand for?
High Intensity Interval Training
What does HIIT involve?
Alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise.
What is sedentary behavior?
low level of movement in a waking state.
How do you prevent sedentary behavior?
Break it up with low/moderate intensity activity.