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Flashcards in WHM (2) Deck (25)
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1

What is cardiovascular disease?

All diseases of the heart and circulation.

2

Examples of cardiovascular disease?

Coronary Heart Disease
Angina
Stroke
Heart Attack
Congenital Heart Disease

3

What is atherosclerosis?

Where arteries narrowed by gradual build up of fatty material in walls

4

What is type 1 diabetes?

Person's blood sugar becomes too high and the body doesn't produce insulin.

5

What is type 2 diabetes?

Person's blood sugar becomes too high and the insulin receptors stop working.

6

What is a risk factor of diabetes?

Obesity
Old Age

7

What is BMI a common method of measuring for?

Obesity

8

Formula for BMI?

Body Weight (kg)/ Height (m)2

9

What is the waist circumference a simple measure of?

Body fatness

10

What is the physiological response in skeletal muscles to exercise?

ATP turnover
02 utilization
Glucose uptake
Increased blood flow

11

What is the physiological response in 02 transport to exercise?

02 uptake increases, heart rate increases

12

What is the physiological response in metabolism to exercise?

Liver Glucose output increased
Glycogenolysis,
Gluconeogenesis.

13

What is the physiological response in the CNS to exercise?

Cerebral blood flow and 02 supply maintained by somatic and autonomic systems

14

What is cardiovascular health made up of?

Cardio-respiratory Fitness
Cardio-metabolic Markers

15

What is a fatty material referred to as?

Atheroma

16

What makes up cardio-metabolic markers?

Lipoprotein Profile
Adipokines/Inflammation
Glucose intolerance/Insulin resistance
Hemostasis

17

What makes up energy balance in the body?

Energy Intake
Energy Expenditure

18

What is energy intake made of?

Calories Consumed

19

What is energy expenditure made of?

Resting calories
Exercise

20

What is the energy balance designed to do?

Help maintain energy balance and prevent weight gain.

21

What does HIIT stand for?

High Intensity Interval Training

22

What does HIIT involve?

Alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise.

23

What is sedentary behavior?

low level of movement in a waking state.

24

How do you prevent sedentary behavior?

Break it up with low/moderate intensity activity.

25

By what percentage can sedentary behavior increase risk of death?

40%