World Geography Chapter 14 Test Flashcards Preview

World History > World Geography Chapter 14 Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in World Geography Chapter 14 Test Deck (79):
1

What were the reasons that Italy was an ideal place for the European Renaissance to begin?

1. Centrally Located
2. Remnants of Roman Empire Remained
3. City-States survived the Middle Ages

2

What was Humanism?

The Renaissance intellectual movement focused more on worldly issues and less on religious topics

3

Which two ancient cultures did writers, scholars, and artists of the Renaissance adapt ideas from?

Greek and Roman

4

What was the name of the most important Patron Family in Florence, Italy?

The medicis

5

The Humanities included the study of which subjects?

Grammar, Poetry, History and Rhetoric

6

What was Leonardo Da Vinci's most well known painting?

Mona Lisa

7

What did Leonardo Da Vinci sketch hundreds of years before they were actually invented?

Airplanes and Submarines

8

What Italian Renaissance Man painted the Sistine Chapel and created the Sculpture of David?

Michelangelo

9

What book did Nichole Machiavelli write that was a story about ruthless power politics and "the ends justifying the means"

The Prince

10

What book did Baldassare Castiglione write?

The Book of Courtier

11

What notable English writer is credited with creating 1500-2000 words?

William Shakespeare

12

What new style of art was the German artist Albrecht Surer best known for?

Engraving

13

What was the name of the novel written by Sir Thomas More about the ideal society?

Utopia

14

Which French humanist writer wrote "Gargantuan & Pantagruel", a story about 2 gentle giants?

Francois Rabelais

15

What was the region of Belgium where the Northway Renaissance began, and was home to many Flemish Painters?

Flanders

16

Who invented the printing press?

Johan Guttenberg

17

What was the most widely printed book into he Renaissance era?

The Bible

18

Before the creation of the printing press, why could many people not read in Europe?

There were only a few thousand books on the entire continent

19

Where was the creator of the printing press from?

Germany

20

Why was the creation of the printing press important in the Renaissance?

1. More books meant more people could read
2. It allowed Renaissance ideas to easily spread across Europe

21

What is the definition of Renaissance?

Rebirth/Reawakening

22

What is the definition of patron?

Financial supporter of the arts

23

What is the definition of Rhetoric?

The art of skillful speaking

24

What is the definition of engraving?

Etching designs into metal using acid

25

What is theocracy?

A government run by religious leaders

26

Why did Mather Luther become outraged at the Catholic Church?

They were selling "indulgences"

27

What was the 95 Theses?

Name of the document that Martin Luther nailed to the door of the church in his town

28

Why did Martin Luther not like the selling of indulgences?

1.No basis in the Bible
2. Popes had no authority to say who got into heaven
3. Christians were only saved through their faith, not money

29

What did the Catholic Church do to Martin Luther after he posted his criticisms on the church doors

He was excommunicated

30

What country was Martin Luther from?

Germany

31

According to Protestantism, what did all Christians have equal access to God through?

Faith and the Bible

32

What did Martin Luther do to help ordinary people read the Bible?

Translated it into German

33

What were practices that the Catholic Church did that the Protestant Church banned or put an end to?

1. Indulgences
2. Confession
3. Pilgrimages
4. Prayers to saints
5. Not allowing clergy to Marry

34

Why did the German princes love the Protestant form of Christianity?

1. Thought it weakens Catholic Church
2. National loyalty
3. Kept German money in Germany

35

What did Luther do when in 1524 peasants violently revolted in Germany so that they could join Luther's new form of Christianity?

He denounced the rebellion and the violence it had brought

36

What country was Henry VIII from?

England

37

How many wives did Henry VIII have?

6

38

When Henry died who took over the throne?

His only son, Edward IV

39

What were the names of Henry's wives?

Catherine of Aragón
Anne Boleyn
Jane Seymour
Anne of Cleves
Catherine Howard
Catherine Parr

40

What did Henry do to his 2nd and 5rh wives after they could not produce a male heir

Had them executed

41

What was the Elizabethan Settlement?

Restoring unity in England and finding a compromise between Protestants and Catholic practices

42

What was the Acts of Supremacy?

In 1534 this document gave Henry VIII the titled of supreme head of the Church of England (Anglican Church)

43

What was the Council of Trent?

IN 1545, Catholic leaders met here to oversee reforms in their church in response to threats from other form of Christianity

44

By 1600 the majority of Europe was practicing was form of Christianity?

Catholicism

45

Why were Jews in England and Europe persecuted?

They wouldn't convert to Martin Luther's teaching or accept Jesus Christ as their lord and savior

46

What did Keller, Copernicus, and Galileo study?

Astronomy

47

What di the Catholic Church do to Caliper Galileo after he would not fully take back his findings that went against church teachings?

Forced him to live out his life under house arrest

48

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was the first known person to do what?

See cells and microorganisms under a microscope

49

Rene Descartes said what?

"I think, therefore I am"

50

What branch of mathematics did Isaac Newton help develop?

Calculus

51

What is the definition of sect?

Religious group

52

What was the heliocentric theory?

The idea that we live in a sun centered universe

53

What was the definition of ghetto?

Separate sections of cities

54

What is the definition of Hypothesis?

Possible explanation

55

What is the definition of gravity?

Single force that keeps planets in their orbits

56

Medici Family

Patron family in Italy who paid artists to create beautiful pieces of art

57

Leonardo Da Vinci

Renaissance Man who was good at everything. He was an inventor, biologist, musician, engineer and artist. Known for realism and creating the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper. From Italy

58

Michelangelo

From Italy; He was a sculptor, architect, painter and poet. He is most known for his sculptors of Pieta, David and for the dome in St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome

59

Baldassare Castiglione

From Italy. He was a writer who wrote "The Book Of Courtier" which talked about the Ideal man and the ideal woman

60

Nichole Machiavelli

Writer from Italy. Wrote "Prince", which talked about ruthless power politics and "end justify the means"

61

Johan Gutenberg

From Germany. Invented the printing press and made 15-20 million copies of the Bible

62

Albrecht Durer

Artist from Germany. Best known for using engraving. Works portrayed religious upheaval

63

Erasmus

Dutch Priest. One of the most important scholars of the Renaissance. Produced Greek edition of Bible. Spread humanism to wider public. Encouraged open-mindedness

64

Sir Thomas More

English writer. Pushed for social reform. Wrote "Utopia" a book about a society in which men and woman live together in peace and harmony

65

William Shakespeare

English writer and poet. Wrote 37 plays still performed today. Expressed universal themes in writing. Created 1500-2000 new words or phrases

66

Martin Luther

German Monk. Wrote 95 Theses about problems with church. Created Lutheranism/Protestant based off teachings

67

Henry VIII

English king. Took over English Church so he could divorce his 1st wife. Against Protestant Reform

68

Elizabeth I

Henry's 2nd daughter. Took over in England after Mary died. Found a compromise between Protestant and catholic practices. Restored unity to England

69

Mary Tudor

Henry's 1st daughter. Took over England after Edward died. Vowed to return England to Catholicism

70

Nicolaus Copernicus

Proposed heliocentric theory but most people rejected his idea

71

Johannes Kepler

Used Brahe's data of calculate orbits of planets. Showed that planets revolved around sun in oval shaped orbits

72

Galileo Galileo

Observations of moon of Jupiter allowed him to agree with Heliocentric. Church threatened him if didn't take idea back, took idea back, but had to live in house arrest

73

Sir Francis Bacon

Stressed experimentation and observation

74

Rene Descartes

Emphasized human reasoning as best road to understanding. He was "I think, therefore I am"

75

Andrea Vesalius

1st accurate detailed study of human anatomy. Used autopsies to increase knowledge

76

Anton Van Leewenhoek

Perfected microscopes. 1st person to see cells and microorganisms

77

Robert Boyle

Explained all matter is made up of tiny particles

78

Isaac Newton

Linked sciences together. Showed that a single force keeps planets in their orbits-gravity. Developed calculus which is a branch of math use to help explain Newton's laws

79

What were Martin Luther's teachings?

1. All Christians have access to God through faith and the Bible
2. Ordinary people should be able to read the Bible so he translated it into German
3. Every town should have a school because kids needed literacy
4. Banned many Church practices