Flashcards in World History Semester 1 Final 2 Deck (28):
What was the Paleolithic Age?
Hunters and gathers; also known as the Old Stone Age
What happened during the Paleolithic Age?
20-30 People; First tools show up made of bone or wood; likely first signs of language appear; clothing, fires and caves to protect from cold
What was the Neolithic Age?
Agricultural Revolution; 11,000 years ago
What happened during the Neolithic Age?
People learned how to farm; began to Domesticate Animals
What good came out of agriculture?
Surplus of food which allowed more free time; free time allowed for specialization; specialization created new things to work on; this led to science, art, math, government, literature, and everything else that isn't feeding ourselves
What was Jared Diamond's reason why some civilizations fail and some don't?
What animals were good for domestication?
Goat; sheep; horse; ox; pigs; donkeys; cattle
Where were the best animals to domesticate?
Asia; North Africa; Europe
What is the Persia Chart?
Politics; Economic; Religion; Social; Intellectual; Area
What are the 8 aspects of civilization?
Cities; Organized Government; Complex Religion; Job Specialization; Social Class; Art and Architecture; Public Works; Writing
What are the bad things that came out of the agricultural revolution?
Slavery; sexism; disease; health benefits
What were the capitals of Indus?
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
What were Indus's religious beliefs?
Polytheistic; Buffalo and bull sacred
Why did Indus Decline?
Mystery; Could have been invaders; environmental issues; earthquake
Who were the Aryans?
intermarried with the local population; very warlike; nomads who settled down
What was the Aryan's structure in society?
Brahmins(priests); Kshatriya(warriors); Vaisyas(Herders, farmers, artisans, merchants); Sudras(non Aryans); Dalits(workers who did what others wouldn't do); this evolved into castes
What were the Aryan Religious beliefs?
Gods were representations of nature; Chief God was Indra of War; over time Brahman becomes single force all other Gods are an aspect of
What does Ramayana teach?
What was the Mahabharata story of the Aryan's?
warfare and religion; 100,000 verses; 5 brothers lose and regain kingdom; importance of immortality of soul and performing ones duty
What did China's geographic condition led to?
few invaders; little trade; little change in China
What is the Shang Dynasty?
First dynasty that we know is real; peasant life was not good; framing; repairs; front line fighting
What was the Mandate of Heaven?
Heaven decide who should rule; makes overthrowing rulers much easier;
Which Dynasty replaced the Shang Dynasty?
Who used the Feudal System?
What is the Feudal System?
Peasants would farm and give the food to the king and lords, and the lords and the kings would offer protect to the peasants
What were some problems with the feudal system?
Lords can get a great deal of power and can start to rule in place of Emperor
What were the Chinese Religious Beliefs?
Animism; Shang Di Chief God; only king could talk to Shang Di; prayed to ancestors' spirits for good luck