World History Semester 1 Final 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in World History Semester 1 Final 2 Deck (28):
1

What was the Paleolithic Age?

Hunters and gathers; also known as the Old Stone Age

2

What happened during the Paleolithic Age?

20-30 People; First tools show up made of bone or wood; likely first signs of language appear; clothing, fires and caves to protect from cold

3

What was the Neolithic Age?

Agricultural Revolution; 11,000 years ago

4

What happened during the Neolithic Age?

People learned how to farm; began to Domesticate Animals

5

What good came out of agriculture?

Surplus of food which allowed more free time; free time allowed for specialization; specialization created new things to work on; this led to science, art, math, government, literature, and everything else that isn't feeding ourselves

6

What was Jared Diamond's reason why some civilizations fail and some don't?

Geographical Luck

7

What animals were good for domestication?

Goat; sheep; horse; ox; pigs; donkeys; cattle

8

Where were the best animals to domesticate?

Asia; North Africa; Europe

9

What is the Persia Chart?

Politics; Economic; Religion; Social; Intellectual; Area

10

What are the 8 aspects of civilization?

Cities; Organized Government; Complex Religion; Job Specialization; Social Class; Art and Architecture; Public Works; Writing

11

What are the bad things that came out of the agricultural revolution?

Slavery; sexism; disease; health benefits

12

What were the capitals of Indus?

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

13

What were Indus's religious beliefs?

Polytheistic; Buffalo and bull sacred

14

Why did Indus Decline?

Mystery; Could have been invaders; environmental issues; earthquake

15

Who were the Aryans?

intermarried with the local population; very warlike; nomads who settled down

16

What was the Aryan's structure in society?

Brahmins(priests); Kshatriya(warriors); Vaisyas(Herders, farmers, artisans, merchants); Sudras(non Aryans); Dalits(workers who did what others wouldn't do); this evolved into castes

17

What were the Aryan Religious beliefs?

Gods were representations of nature; Chief God was Indra of War; over time Brahman becomes single force all other Gods are an aspect of

18

What does Ramayana teach?

Behavior

19

What was the Mahabharata story of the Aryan's?

warfare and religion; 100,000 verses; 5 brothers lose and regain kingdom; importance of immortality of soul and performing ones duty

20

What did China's geographic condition led to?

few invaders; little trade; little change in China

21

What is the Shang Dynasty?

First dynasty that we know is real; peasant life was not good; framing; repairs; front line fighting

22

What was the Mandate of Heaven?

Heaven decide who should rule; makes overthrowing rulers much easier;

23

Which Dynasty replaced the Shang Dynasty?

Zhou

24

Who used the Feudal System?

China

25

What is the Feudal System?

Peasants would farm and give the food to the king and lords, and the lords and the kings would offer protect to the peasants

26

What were some problems with the feudal system?

Lords can get a great deal of power and can start to rule in place of Emperor

27

What were the Chinese Religious Beliefs?

Animism; Shang Di Chief God; only king could talk to Shang Di; prayed to ancestors' spirits for good luck

28

What were the achievements of Ancient China?

365 1/4 day calendar; silk; writing style of calligraphy; first books