World Geography Chapter 27 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in World Geography Chapter 27 Quiz Deck (40):
1

What ship did the German's sink related to America?

Lusitania

2

What were the causes of world war 1?

MANIA- Militarism
Alliances
Nationalism
Imperialism
Assassination

3

What does Militarism mean?

Policy of building up and glorifying a strong military in preparation for war

4

What does alliances mean?

Pledges to defend each other if conflict arose

5

What does nationalism mean?

Extreme pride in one's country

6

What does imperialism mean?

When one country takes over another country both economically, militarily, culturally or politically

7

What does Assassination mean?

Murder of a political leader

8

What does conscription mean?

Required military service; all must sign up for "the draft"

9

What does propaganda mean?

Spreading of ideas that promote a cause or damage on opponent

10

What does stalemate mean?

Neither side was able to defeat the other

11

What does war fatigue mean?

Tired of results from fighting: Casualties; Shortages; and failure to win promised victories

12

What were the Pre WWI Alliances?

Triple Alliance and Triple Entente

13

Who was on the Triple Alliance?

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

14

Who was on Triple Entente?

Great Britain, France, Russia

15

What were the alliances after WWI began?

Central Powers, Allied Powers

16

Who was on Central Powers?

Germany , Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

17

Who was on Allied Powers?

Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy

18

What were the new weapons of World War 1?

Rapid-fire Machine guns; Long Range Artillery; Poison gas; Tanks; Aircraft; Zeppelins; Submarines

19

What could Rapid-fire Machine guns do?

Mow down wave after wave of soldiers

20

What could Long Range Artillery do?

Could kill from 10 miles away; Shrapnel killed and wounded even those not directly hit- flying debris

21

What could Poison Gas do?

Blinded or choked victims; Caused sores and burns; Shifting winds make it dangerous for both sides

22

What could tanks do?

Mounted with machine guns; Designed to safely move across "no man's land"

23

What could aircrafts do?

Airplanes; Pilots known as "aces" had "dogfights" over battle fields

24

What could Zeppelins do?

Large, gas filled balloons; Used by Germans to bomb English coast

25

What could submarines do?

Did huge damage to British merchant ship; forced ships to travel in convoys

26

What were submarines called?

Unterseeboot or U-boats

27

What was the Schlieffen Plan designed to do?

To avoid a 2 front war

28

What was the idea of the Schlieffen Plan?

To move quickly against France before Russia could mobilize

29

Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?

Russia mobilized for war faster than Germany thought; British and French troops pushed German's back

30

What were some points made by the Fourteen Points?

Freedom of the seas; Free trade; No secret alliances

31

What was the most Important of the Fourteen Points?

League of Nations

32

Why were the 14 points created?

US Pres. Woodrow Wilson's list of terms to resolve WWI and future conflicts

33

Why did the United States declare War on Germany?

Cultural Ties; Germany broke promises; The Zimmerman Note

34

Explain Cultural Ties.

Same Language as Britain; share democracy with France

35

Explain Germany broke promises

Begins unrestricted U-boat warfare in Feb 1917

36

Explain the Zimmerman note.

German proposal to Mexico that if they fought against US, Germany would help them reclaim lost territory

37

What did France want at the Paris Peace Conference?

Wanted to weaken Germany so it could never again Invade France

38

What did Great Britain want at the Paris Peace Conference?

Wanted Germany to pay heavy reparations

39

What did Italy want at the Paris Peace Conference?

Wanted territorial gains promised to Italy

40

What did the USA want at the Paris Peace Conference?

Wanted 14 points, especially League of Nations