Flashcards in World Geography Chapter 27 Quiz Deck (40):
What ship did the German's sink related to America?
What were the causes of world war 1?
What does Militarism mean?
Policy of building up and glorifying a strong military in preparation for war
What does alliances mean?
Pledges to defend each other if conflict arose
What does nationalism mean?
Extreme pride in one's country
What does imperialism mean?
When one country takes over another country both economically, militarily, culturally or politically
What does Assassination mean?
Murder of a political leader
What does conscription mean?
Required military service; all must sign up for "the draft"
What does propaganda mean?
Spreading of ideas that promote a cause or damage on opponent
What does stalemate mean?
Neither side was able to defeat the other
What does war fatigue mean?
Tired of results from fighting: Casualties; Shortages; and failure to win promised victories
What were the Pre WWI Alliances?
Triple Alliance and Triple Entente
Who was on the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Who was on Triple Entente?
Great Britain, France, Russia
What were the alliances after WWI began?
Central Powers, Allied Powers
Who was on Central Powers?
Germany , Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
Who was on Allied Powers?
Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy
What were the new weapons of World War 1?
Rapid-fire Machine guns; Long Range Artillery; Poison gas; Tanks; Aircraft; Zeppelins; Submarines
What could Rapid-fire Machine guns do?
Mow down wave after wave of soldiers
What could Long Range Artillery do?
Could kill from 10 miles away; Shrapnel killed and wounded even those not directly hit- flying debris
What could Poison Gas do?
Blinded or choked victims; Caused sores and burns; Shifting winds make it dangerous for both sides
What could tanks do?
Mounted with machine guns; Designed to safely move across "no man's land"
What could aircrafts do?
Airplanes; Pilots known as "aces" had "dogfights" over battle fields
What could Zeppelins do?
Large, gas filled balloons; Used by Germans to bomb English coast
What could submarines do?
Did huge damage to British merchant ship; forced ships to travel in convoys
What were submarines called?
Unterseeboot or U-boats
What was the Schlieffen Plan designed to do?
To avoid a 2 front war
What was the idea of the Schlieffen Plan?
To move quickly against France before Russia could mobilize
Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?
Russia mobilized for war faster than Germany thought; British and French troops pushed German's back
What were some points made by the Fourteen Points?
Freedom of the seas; Free trade; No secret alliances
What was the most Important of the Fourteen Points?
League of Nations
Why were the 14 points created?
US Pres. Woodrow Wilson's list of terms to resolve WWI and future conflicts
Why did the United States declare War on Germany?
Cultural Ties; Germany broke promises; The Zimmerman Note
Explain Cultural Ties.
Same Language as Britain; share democracy with France
Explain Germany broke promises
Begins unrestricted U-boat warfare in Feb 1917
Explain the Zimmerman note.
German proposal to Mexico that if they fought against US, Germany would help them reclaim lost territory
What did France want at the Paris Peace Conference?
Wanted to weaken Germany so it could never again Invade France
What did Great Britain want at the Paris Peace Conference?
Wanted Germany to pay heavy reparations
What did Italy want at the Paris Peace Conference?
Wanted territorial gains promised to Italy