# 11.2 Applying Mendel Principles Flashcards

Probability

the likelihood that a particular event will occur

How do you find multiple probabilities of the same event?

multiply the probabilities

Probability can be used to predict the outcomes of _______ ________

genetic crosses

Homozygous

organisms that have 2 identical alleles for a particular gene (TT)

Heterozygous

organisms that have 2 different alleles for the same gene (Tt)

How can the probability of genetics be more accurate

calculate multiple times

The ______ the number of offspring, the closer the results will be to the predicted values

larger

Phenotype

physical traits (small, tall, green, etc.)

Genotype

genetic make up (TT, Tt, tt)

What determines phenotype?

genotype

What determines genotype?

inheritance

Punnet square

squares that use mathematical probability to help predict the genotype and phenotype combinations in genetic crosses

Who created the punnet square?

Reginald Punnet

What do punnet squares create?

probable zygotes

How many types of punnet squares are there?

2