13. Mental and Behavioral Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 13. Mental and Behavioral Health Deck (114)
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1

thym/o, psych/o

mind

2

iatr/o

treatment

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akathisia

inability to remain calm, still, and free of anxiety

4

anhedonia

absence of the ability to experience either pleasure or joy, even in the face of causative events

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catatonia

paralysis or immobility from psychological or emotional rather than physical causes

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confabulation

effort to conceal a gap in memory by fabricating detailed, often believable stories

7

defense mechanism

unconscious mechanism for psychological coping, adjustment, or self-preservation in the face of stress or a threat

ex: denial of an unpleasant situation/condition and projection of intolerable aspects onto another individual

8

delirium

condition of confused, unfocused, irrational agitation

in mental disorders, agitation and confusion may also be accompanied by a more intense disorientation, incoherence, or fear, and illusions, hallucinations, and delusions

9

delusion

persistent belief in a demonstrable untruth or a provable inaccurate perception despite clear evidence to the contrary

10

dementia

mental disorder in which the individual experiences a progressive loss of memory, personality alterations, confusion, loss of touch with relaity, and stupor (seeming unawareness of, and disconnection with, one's surroundings)

11

echolalia

repitition of words or phrases spoken by others

12

hallucination

any unreal sensory perception that occurs with no external cause

may be visual or auditory

13

illusion

inaccurate sensory perception based on a real stimulus

ex: mirages or interpreting music/wind as voices

14

libido

normal psychological impulse drive associated with sensuality, expressions of desire, or creativity

abnormality only occurs when such drives are excessively heightened or depressed

15

psychosis

disassociation with or impaired perception of reality

may be accompanied by hallucinations, delusions, incoherence, akathisia, and/or disorganized behavior

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somnambulism

sleepwalking

17

anxiety

anticipation of impending danger and dread accompanied by restlessness, tension, tachycardia, and breathing difficulty not associated with any apparent stimulus

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dysphoria

generalized negative mood characterized by depression

19

euphoria

exaggerated sense of physical and emotional well-being not based on reality, disproportionate to the cause, or inappropriate to the situation

20

euthymia

normal range of moods and emotions

21

Asperger disorder

disorder characterized by impairment of social interaction and repetitive patterns of inappropriate behavior

22

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

series of syndromes that includes impulsiveness, inability to concentrate, and short attention span

23

autism

a continuum of abnormal development of social interaction, impaired communication, and repetitive behaviors.

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conduct disorder

any of a number of disorders characterized by patterns of persistent aggressive and defiant behaviors

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), an example of a conduct disorder, is characterized by hostile, disobedient behavior

25

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD),

 an example of a conduct disorder

characterized by hostile, disobedient behavior

26

mental retardation (MR)

condition of subaverage intellectual ability, with impairments in social and educational functioning

the "intelligence quotient" (IQ) is a measure of an individual's intellectual functioning compared with the general population

 

  • Mild: IQ range of 50-69; learning difficulties result
  • Moderate: IQ range of 35-49; support needed to function in society
  • Severe: IQ range of 20-34; continuous need of support to live in society
  • Profound: IQ <20; severe self-care limitations

27

Rett disorder

condition characterized by initial normal functioning followed by loss of social and intellectual functioning

28

Tourette syndrome

group of involuntary behaviors that includes the vocalization of words or sounds (sometimes obscene) and repetitive movements

vocal and multiple tic disorder

29

acute intoxication

episode of behavioral disturbance following ingestion of alcohol or psychotropic drugs

30

delirium tremens (DT)

acute and sometimes fatal delirium induced by the cessation of ingesting excessive amounts of alcohol over a long period of time