6. Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > 6. Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6. Urinary System Deck (142)
Loading flashcards...
1

cali/o, calic/o, calyc/o

calyx (calyces), calix

KAY licks

extension of the ureter inside the kidney

2

cellul/o, cyt/o

cell

3

chlor/o

chloride

4

cortic/o

cortex

the outer layer of a body structure, as differentiated from the internal substance

5

glomerul/o

glomerulus

glow MAIR yoo lus

tiny ball of capillaries that filter blood into the opening of a nephron

6

hil/o

hilum

notch through which renal artery enters and the ureter & renal vein leave the kidney

7

nephr/o, ren/o

kidney

8

meat/o

meatus

general term for a passageway or opening in the body

9

medull/o

medulla

meh DULL ah

general term for the innermost part of a structure or organ

10

kal/i, potassi/o

potassium

11

peritone/o

peritoneum

12

pyel/o

renal pelvis

13

home/o

same

14

natr/o

sodium

15

trigon/o

trigone

TRY gohn

triangular part of the bladder between the ureters' entrance and the urethral outlet

16

ureter/o

ureter

pair of fibromuscular tubes that transport urine from the kidney to the bladder each tube divides into a pelvic part and an abdominal part

17

urethr/o

urethra

point of exit for excreting urine from the body

18

cyst/o, vesic/o

urinary bladder, sac

19

ur/o, urin/o

urine, urinary system

20

-stasis

controlling, stabilizing

21

extra-

outside

22

anuria

ann YOOR ee ah

condition of no urine

23

diuresis

increased volume of urine

condition of increased formation and excretion of urine, of large volumes of urine

caffeine and alcohol are diuretics (i.e., they increase the amount of urine produced)

24

dysuria

condition of painful urination

25

enuresis

en yoor EE sis

involuntary urination, can be nocturnal or diurnal

AKA bedwetting

26

incontinence

inability to hold urine

27

nocturia

nock TOOR ee ah

condition of excessive urination at night

28

oliguria

ah lig GYOOR ee ah

condition of scanty urination

29

polydipsia

pah lee DIP see ah

conditions of excessive thirst usually accompanied by polyuria

30

polyuria

condition of excessive urination