15. Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 15. Endocrine System Deck (126)
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1

adren/o

adrenal gland

2

toc/o

labor, delivery

3

aden/o

gland

4

gonad/o

gonad

5

lob/o

lobe, section

6

lact/o

milk

7

gen/o

origin

8

pancreat/o

pancreas

9

hypophys/o

pituitary gland

10

press/o

pressure

11

gluc/o, glyc/o

sugar

12

thalam/o

thalamus

13

thyr/o, thyroid/o

thyroid gland

14

phys/o

to grow

15

crin/o

to secrete

16

trop/o

to turn

17

vas/o

vessel

18

oxy-

rapid

19

pro-

in front of

20

-crine

to secrete

21

-in

a substance

22

hormones

chemical messengers, or secretions, of the endocrine system

travel through the bloodstream, so its effects appear more slowly and last longer

set in motion a number of body functions, including metabolism, growth, reproduction, and water and electrolyte balances

23

exocrine glands

secrete through ducts that lead directly to target organs

ex: sweat glands

24

endocrine glands

secrete directly into the blood stream w/o the use of ducts

25

metabolism

sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in the human body

26

hypophysis

hye POFF uh sis

considered the master gland as it controls the functions of other endocrine glands

located behind the optic nerve in the cranial cavity

divided into anterior and posterior lobes

AKA pituitary gland

27

adenohypophysis

add eh noh hye POFF uh sis

the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that secretes a large number of hormones in response to stimulation by the hypothalamus: growth hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, endorphins, and prolactin

28

somatotropin

growth hormone (GH)

affects the growth of the skeletal muscles and the long bones of the body

also promotes the synthesis of proteins, performs cell repair, and helps to maintain blood glucose levels

29

adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

secreted by adenohypophysis

stimulates the adrenal cortex to release steroids

30

gonadotropic hormones

secreted by adenohypophysis

  • ​FSH stimulates the development of gametes in the respective sexes
  • LH stimulates ovulation in the female and the secretion of sex hormones in both the male and female
  • Interstitial cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH) stimulates production of reproductive cells in the male