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Flashcards in 13- Treatment of Psychological Disorders Deck (51)
1

treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

psychotherapy

2

an approach to psychotherapy that uses techniques from various forms of therapy

eclectic growth

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Freud's therapeutic techniques; designed to release previously repressed feelings allowing the patient to gain self-insight; assumed problem is unconscious forces and childhood experiences; uses analysis and interpretation

psychoanalysis

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relaxation; the therapist sits out of sight and waits for you to say what comes to mind

free association

5

the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

resistance

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the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

interpretation

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suggesting a dream meaning after hearing the dream

dream analysis

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the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships

transference

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therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight; addresses current issues through childhood events

psychodynamic therapy

10

a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses; focus on the present instead of the past, conscious rather than unconscious, taking immediate responsibility, and promoting growth instead of curing

insight therapies

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a humanistic therapy in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate client's growth; assumed problem is barriers to self-understanding and self-acceptance

client-centered therapy

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empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies

active listening

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a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance

unconditional positive regard

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therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

behavior therapy

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a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors

counterconditioning

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behavior techniques that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid

exposure therapy

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a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli; used to treat phobias

systematic desensitization

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an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears

virtual reality exposure therapy

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a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior

aversive conditioning

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trying to change behavior; using reinforcement, punishment, or ignoring to shape behaviors

behavior modification

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an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

token economy

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therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; assumed problem is negative, self-defeating thinking; aims to reveal and reverse self-blaming

cognitive therapy

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one miniscule negative belief changes into a lot of negative beliefs

catastrophizing beliefs that are a part of Beck's therapy for depression

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a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy

cognitive-behavioral therapy

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involves people with a similar life event or similar psychological disorder

group therapy

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therapy that treats the family as a system; views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members; assumed problem is stressful relationships; aims to heal those relationships and improve communication

family therapy

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the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back toward their average

regression toward the mean

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not super reliable, and more likely to give praise

client's perceptions

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might still be in contact with the client

clinician's perceptions

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a procedure for statistically combing the results of many different research studies

meta-analysis

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clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences

evidence-based practice

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often used for PTSD

eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)

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used to treat SAD (seasonal affective disorder)

light exposure therapy

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prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system

biomedical therapies

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study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

psychopharmacology

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drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder; blocks dopamine receptors

antipsychotic drugs

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treated by antipsychotic drugs

schizophrenia and psychoses

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type of antipsychotic drug

chlorpromazine

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involuntary movements of facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target certain dopamine receptors

tardive dyskinesia

40

drugs used to control anxiety and agitation; depressants

antianxiety drugs

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Xanax, Ativan, cycloserine

specific antianxiety drugs

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drugs used to treat depression; different types work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters

antidepressant drugs

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works both to increase both serotonin and norepinephrine

dual antidepressant

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taken by people with bipolar disorder; Lithium and depakote

mood-stabilizing medications

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a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electrical current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

46

the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

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surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior

psychosurgery

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once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients; cuts nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain

lobotomy

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requires a two-year masters in social work plus postgraduate supervision

clinical or psychiatric social worker

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psychologists with a PhD or PsyD and expertise in research, assessment, and therapy, supplemented by a supervised internship, and post-doctoral training

clinical psychologists

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physicians who specialize in the treatment of psychological disorders; not necessarily have a lot of training in psychotherapy, but can prescribe medications

psychiatrists