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Flashcards in 13- Treatment of Psychological Disorders Deck (51)
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1

treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

psychotherapy

2

an approach to psychotherapy that uses techniques from various forms of therapy

eclectic growth

3

Freud's therapeutic techniques; designed to release previously repressed feelings allowing the patient to gain self-insight; assumed problem is unconscious forces and childhood experiences; uses analysis and interpretation

psychoanalysis

4

relaxation; the therapist sits out of sight and waits for you to say what comes to mind

free association

5

the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

resistance

6

the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

interpretation

7

suggesting a dream meaning after hearing the dream

dream analysis

8

the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships

transference

9

therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight; addresses current issues through childhood events

psychodynamic therapy

10

a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses; focus on the present instead of the past, conscious rather than unconscious, taking immediate responsibility, and promoting growth instead of curing

insight therapies

11

a humanistic therapy in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate client's growth; assumed problem is barriers to self-understanding and self-acceptance

client-centered therapy

12

empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies

active listening

13

a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance

unconditional positive regard

14

therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

behavior therapy

15

a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors

counterconditioning

16

behavior techniques that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid

exposure therapy

17

a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli; used to treat phobias

systematic desensitization

18

an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears

virtual reality exposure therapy

19

a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior

aversive conditioning

20

trying to change behavior; using reinforcement, punishment, or ignoring to shape behaviors

behavior modification

21

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

token economy

22

therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; assumed problem is negative, self-defeating thinking; aims to reveal and reverse self-blaming

cognitive therapy

23

one miniscule negative belief changes into a lot of negative beliefs

catastrophizing beliefs that are a part of Beck's therapy for depression

24

a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy

cognitive-behavioral therapy

25

involves people with a similar life event or similar psychological disorder

group therapy

26

therapy that treats the family as a system; views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members; assumed problem is stressful relationships; aims to heal those relationships and improve communication

family therapy

27

the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back toward their average

regression toward the mean

28

not super reliable, and more likely to give praise

client's perceptions

29

might still be in contact with the client

clinician's perceptions

30

a procedure for statistically combing the results of many different research studies

meta-analysis