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Flashcards in 10- Personality Deck (70)
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1

the individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting

personality

2

what we are aware of

conscious

3

outside of our awareness, but accessible

preconscious

4

a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories

unconscious

5

information processing of which we are unaware

contemporary view of unconscious

6

a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to their mind no matter how trivial or embarrassing

free association

7

Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions

psychoanalysis

8

a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives

id

9

demanding immediate gratification

pleasure principle

10

the largely conscious "executive" part of personality that mediates among the demands of id, superego, and reality

ego

11

satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain

reality principle

12

the part of personality that represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement and for future aspirations

superego

13

the childhood stages of development during which the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones

psychosexual stages

14

pleasure centers on the mouth

oral stage (0-18 months)

15

pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control

anal stage (18-36 months)

16

pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings

phallic stage (3-6 years)

17

dormant sexual feelings

latency stage (6-puberty)

18

maturation of sexual intents

genital stage (puberty on-)

19

a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father

Oedipus complex

20

the process by which children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos

identification

21

parallel to Oedipus complex but in girls

electra complex

22

a pleasure sensitive area of the body

erogenous zone

23

a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies of an easier psychosocial stage, in which conflicts were unresolved

fixation

24

the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality

defense mechanism

25

the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness

repression

26

mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage

regression

27

mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites

reaction formation

28

mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others

projection

29

mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one's actions

rationalization

30

mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulsed toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person

displacement