9- Developmental Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9- Developmental Psychology Deck (104)
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A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span

Developmental psychology

1

Fertilized egg; enters a 2 week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo

Zygote

2

The developing human organism from about 2 weeks to the 2nd month

Embryo

3

The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth

Fetus

4

Formed by the outer cells of the zygote; attaches to the uterine wall, and transfers nutrients and oxygen from mother to fetus

Placenta

5

Agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm

Teratogen

6

Physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant women's heavy drinking; in severe cases, symptoms include noticeable facial mis proportions.

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

7

Decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation; getting used to something

Habituation

8

Prefer sights and sounds that facilitate social responsiveness

Child's preferences/novelties

9

At birth, we have most of the brain cells we will have

Brain development in infancy

10

Shuts down excess connections and strengthens others

Pruning process

11

Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience

Maturation

12

Learning to walk is a part of ...

Motor development in infancy

13

No clear memories prior to age three; immature hippocampus and frontal lobes

Infantile amnesia

14

All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

Cognition

15

Interested in children's cognitive abilities in the 1920s

Piaget

16

A concept or framework that organizes and interprets information

Schema

17

Interpreting our new experiences in terms of our existing schemas

Assimilation

18

Adapting our current understandings to incorporate new information

Accommodation

19

Sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, formal operational stage

Piaget's theory and current thinking

20

The stage (from birth to 2 years) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities; involves object permanence and stranger anxiety

Sensorimotor stage

21

The awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived

Object permanence

22

The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning about 8 months

Stranger anxiety

23

Stage (from 2 years to about 6 or 7 years) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic; involves pretend play, egocentrism, and the inability to comprehend conservation

Preoperational stage

24

The principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects

Conservation

25

The preoperational child's difficulty taking another's point of view

Egocentrism

26

The stage (from 6 or 7 years to 11 years) during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events; involves conservation and mathematical transformations

Concrete operational stage

27

Stage (normally begins around 12 years) during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts; involves abstract logic and potential for mature moral reasoning

Formal operational stage

28

People's ideas about their own and other's mental states- about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts- and behaviors these might predict

Theory of mind

29

Studied how a child's mind feeds on the language of social interaction

Lev Vygotsky