14- Stress and Eating Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 14- Stress and Eating Disorders Deck (22):
1

what are the 4 kinds of unhealthy eating cues ?

social cues, situational cues, negative thoughts, negative feelings

2

what BMI would make a woman and man underweight ?

women <19.1
man <20.7

3

what BMI would make a woman anorexic ?

<17.5

4

how many people in America have a diagnosable eating disorder ?

5 million

5

what is the rate of obesity among teens ?

17%

6

when is the usual onset of anorexia nervosa ?

middle teens after a period of life stress or an intense period of dieting

7

what is the ratio female to male of anorexia affliction?

10:1

8

what are the two types of anorexia nervosa ?

restricted type: self-starvation
binge-eating/purging type: self-starvation + purging to help control weight

9

what is the relationship between anorexia nervosa and stress ?

no direct relationship

10

how does AN affect the HPA axis ?

dysregulates it

11

what are the two subtypes of bulimia nervosa ?

purging: self-induced vomiting or misuse of laxatives
nonpurging: compensate for binge eating by indulging in excessive fasting or exercise

12

what is the onset age of bulimia nervosa ?

adolescence to early adulthood

13

is binging something that is planned ?

yes

14

what is the main differing symptom of bulimia nervosa ?

loss of dental enamel

15

which is more common: anorexia or bulimia ?

bulimia

16

what is the main comorbid disorder for bulimia ?

major depression (between 36-63 of bulimics)

17

in bulimia, what is the activation of the HPA axis due to ?

the psychological stress and the physiological stimuli caused by ingestion of large meals

18

do stressors significantly alter food consumption in bulimic women vs healthy women ?

nope, both increased food intake of carbs following a stressor

19

what is the prevalence of binge eating in women and men ?

in women only 1.5 times higher than men (compared to BN or AN where prevalence 10x)

20

how can increased cortisol level lead to more fat ?

insulin resistance therefore promotes visceral fat accumulation

21

what are women more likely to consume to cope ?

food

22

what are men more likely to consume to cope ?

alcohol or cigarettes