6- Stress and Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6- Stress and Development Deck (14):
1

how are children divided by age ?

infants 0-12 months
toddlers 1-5 years
school-age 5-12 years

2

what does a normal cortisol cycle look like ?

one peak at awakening

3

what does a baby's cortisol cycle look like ?

2 peaks unrelated to time of day

4

throughout the first year of their life, how does a baby's cortisol cycle change as seen in salivary amylase? ex 3 months

within 3 months, salivary cortisol levels are significantly higher within 30 minutes of waking compared to 30 minutes before bedtime

5

how is duration of nap time correlated with cortisol ?

duration of nap time positively correlated with strength of decrease in cortisol

6

in laboratory settings or stress situations, how do baby cortisol levels look ?

lowered levels of cortisol as compared to home
this is interesting because it's opposite to adults

7

what may be the mechanism behind babies having lowered cortisol when stressed ?

a protective factor for the developing child

8

when are maltreatment rates highest ?

infancy and adolescence

9

what are the proximal consequences of parental stressors ?

failure to thrive (height, weight, social responsiveness)

10

what are the distal consequences of parental stressors ?

impaired development, can lead to disruptive behaviors in school, cause depression and increased risk of substance abuse

11

what is the dose-effect relationship seen in Holocaust survivors ?

0 parents, 1 parent, 2 parents loss
higher and higher cortisol response throughout life

12

what is the cortisol response to peer neglect in toddlers ?

children in full time daycare showed significant increases in cortisol as day progressed

13

how are salivary cortisol levels in popular, average, neglected, and rejected children ?

from smallest to biggest:

popular
neglected
average
rejected

14

what percent of the school population has school phobia ? what is it often misdiagnosed ? what are its symptoms ?

1%
misdiagnosed as separation anxiety

agitation, resistance to school situation