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11th grade US History > 1920's Test - Sheet1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1920's Test - Sheet1 Deck (61):
1

If there are more buyers than sellers, the price of the stock goes ______

up

2

Famous pilot during the 1920s

Charles Lindbergh

3

FDIC insures deposits up to $250,000

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation,

4

First woman to fly across the Atlantic

Amelia Earhart

5

Secret/underground bar

Speakeasies

6

Low-waisted dresses, hats, bobbed hair, loosely-fitted, must be able to dance

Characteristics of fashion in the 1920s

7

Foxtrot, waltz, tango

Popular dances of the 1920s

8

Delayed marriages, less divorce, deserted children, took money out of banks

American response to the Great Depression

9

How many stocks were sold on Black Tuesday?

16.4 million

10

Buying/selling alcohol illegally

Bootlegging

11

Person who buys and sells stocks for clients

Stock broker

12

Famous cornet player and singer

Louis Armstrong

13

First U.S. President from Iowa. President 1928-1932, believed in Rugged Individualism: belief that you needed to help yourself and avoid getting government help.

Herbert Hoover

14

Radio and advertisements

Reasons why people bought more goods in the 1920s

15

Emerged from African American culture, relaxed style of music that was extremely popular in the 1920s

Jazz music

16

Date of the official stock market crash (the first was temporary). Began the Great Depression

Black Tuesday

October 29, 1929.

17

Paralysis resulting in the inclusion of poisonous ingredients in illegal alcohol

Jake Leg

18

Films with music or commentary, but no audio

Silent Films

19

First famous jazz trombone player

Edward "Kid" Ory

20

Attorney General associated with the Smoke-Filled Room, the American Metal Company, and bootlegging. All of his work was done by his assistant, Jesse Smith

Harry M. Daugherty

21

Man who lived with Daugherty and did all his dirty work. Committed suicide before getting caught

Jesse Smith

22

Went up in number after WWI, called for government regulation

Labor unions and Strikes

23

Trombone and cornet player, gave Louis Armstrong his start

Joe "King" Oliver

24

If there are more sellers than buyers, the price of the stock goes ______

down

25

Regulates the market, oversees exchanges, protect against fraud, prevent insider trading.

SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)

26

Putting a down payment on a cost like a car or house and paying the rest in several payments

Buying on credit

27

A group supporting African American rights, saw a rise in membership in the 1920s. Created in 1909 by W.E.B. Du Bois

NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)

28

An investment, owning part of a company

Stocks

29

The booming economy after WWI. There were big tariffs to protect American goods

Great Bull Market

30

Famous actor and comedian

Bob Hope

31

The shantytowns unemployed Americans lived in during Hoover's presidency

Hoovervilles

32

Famous baseball player

Babe Ruth

33

Lowered the quota to 2% based on the 1890 census and banned Japanese immigrants

Immigration Act of 1924

34

Started when a black teenager was stoned and drowned in Lake Michigan. The white men responsible were not arrested so riots ensued. 38 people died total, 500 were injured, and over 1,000 lost their homes.

Chicago Riots of 1919

35

Coming up with a price

Price setting

36

Separated investment and commercial banking activities

Glass-Steagall Act

37

Location where stocks are bought and sold

Stock market

38

Using 10% of your own money to purchase a stock, and borrowing up to 90%

Buying on margin

39

Put a limit on how much you could borrow. Went from 90%-->50%

Margin Limit

40

Provide relief to banks and businesses, not people

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

41

WWI Veterans who would receive $1.25/day served overseas and $1.00/day served in the U.S. Were supposed to get paid in 1945 but during the Depression wanted their money ahead of time. Hoover sent out the Washington police and two marchers were killed

Bonus Army

42

Ended strikes, deported possible communists, and put many innocent people in jail. His actions made people afraid to speak out. Later lost credibility when he said May 1st was "Communist Labor Day", but his predictions of massive strikes did not happen.

Attorney General Palmer

43

Gang boss who was eventually sent to Alcatraz for tax evasion

Al Capone

44

Hoover's attempt to help farmers with a tariff. Caused other countries to raise their tariffs and overall did not help

Smoot-Hawley Tariff

45

Famous actress

Clara Bow

46

Famous actor

Rudolph Valentino

47

Banning the legal sale and purchase of alcohol

Prohibition

48

Fear that escalated after WWI. Fear of communism and immigrants who Americans thought would start a violent, bloody revolution

Red Scare

49

Created a quota of 3% based on the 1910 census.

Immigration Act of 1921

50

Harding's Secretary of the Interior, member of the "Ohio Gang" associated with Tea Pot Dome Scandal

Albert B. Fall

51

Stole $200 million from the government by selling property at a fraction of its value. Associated with the Veteran's Bureau

Charles R. Forbes

52

Charleston, Breakaway, Lindy Hop

New dances of the 1920s

53

Italian immigrants who knew little English and were charged with the robbery/murder of two shoe factory workers. One was a fish peddler and the other a shoe salesman, Vanzetti was found with a loaded gun. Executed through the electric chair

Vanzetti and Sacco

54

imitates relaxed style of jazz music with improvisation, some poets liked it, others condemned it

Jazz poetry

55

President after Harding

Calvin Coolidge

56

Famous silent actor

Charlie Chaplin

57

The theory placing multitudes of money in the hands of CEOs and the top of the economy in the hopes that they will pay their workers more and the workers will spend more in the economy

Trickle Down Theory

58

Ku Klux Klan, group against African-Americans and other groups such as women, Jews, and Catholics. Saw a rise in membership in the 1920s

KKK

59

Legalized prohibition

18th Amendment

60

Brought affordable automobiles to the marketplace

Henry Ford

61

Scandal associated with Fall. He gave the rights to oil-rich lands to Mammoth Oil Company and Pan American Petroleum Company

Tea Pot Dome Scandal