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Flashcards in Civil War - Sheet1 Deck (95):
1

1. California admitted as a free state 2. establishes the idea of popular sovereignty

Compromise of 1850

2

Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)- gave a new human face to slavery for many Northerners who had never been to the South

Harriet Beecher Stowe

3

network of secret routes and safe houses for blacks to escape slavery and travel north

Underground Railroad

4

Mini Civil War when both abolitionists and pro slavery Southerners began sending in forces to support their side and influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would become a slave state, as determined by popular sovereignty

Bleeding Kansas

5

Rabid Abolitionist who attempted to incite a slave revolt by raiding Harper's Ferry and killed 5 pro-slavery supporters in Pottawatomie, Kansas

John Brown

6

Missouri slave sued his owner for freedom because his owner took him to a free state.The court decided that Scott was property and therefore the 5th amendment applied and the government can not forbid one of their property therefore allowing slavery to be everywhere

Dred Scott Case (Sanford v. Scott)

7

an attempt by John Brown to lead an armed slave revolt to seize arsenal at Harper's Ferry.

Harpers Ferry

8

created 1861, SC, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas all seceded following Lincoln's election

Confederate States of America

9

balanced in both Agriculture and Industry

Advantages of North in Civil War

10

agriculture economy and dependent on slavery. believed in state's rights

Advantages of South

11

Created two new territories with slavery decided by popular sovereignty. It effectively repealed the Missouri Compromise as it applied to slavery north of the Missouri Compromise line.

Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)

12

President of the United States. Believed slavery should not exist.

Abraham Lincoln

13

Created schools and aid for newly freed blacks

Freedman's Bureau

14

President before Lincoln who did nothing when the South seceded

James Buchanan

15

White supremacy group that started after the Civil War. Use terror and intimidation to keep former slaves in their place

KKK

16

Southern whites who supported the North throughout reconstruction; corrupt

Scalawags

17

Confederate who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater.

John Wilkes Booth

18

A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states

Carpetbaggers

19

Commander of the Confederate Forces

General Robert E. Lee

20

Invented the Cotton Gin. Actually needed more slave labor to pick the cotton to keep up with the machine

Eli Whitney

21

1st president of the Confederacy

Jefferson Davis

22

took over when President Lincoln died. Wanted to readmit the South and end slavery but did not want to give slaves rights.

V.P Johnson

23

Union general who devastated Georgia during his "March to the Sea"

General Sherman

24

Commander of the Union forces/ he prepared the men well, but he was awful at reading and executing battle plans

General McClellan

25

started Ku Klux Klan in 1865

Nathaniel Forrest

26

Grant sent troops to the South to stop the KKK. Not very effective

KKK Act of 1870

26

Grant sent troops to the South to stop the KKK. Not very effective

KKK Act of 1870

27

a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal

Plessy v. Ferguson

28

John Brown plans to start a slave uprising, so he steals weapons at Harper's Ferry and is stopped, captured, tried for treason and put to death. Seen as a martyr in the North. Hated in the South.

Harper's Ferry Raid

29

forgive, 10% loyalty, amnesty, abolish slavery

Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan

29

forgive, 10% loyalty, amnesty, abolish slavery

Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan

30

Punish, 50% loyalty, military rule

Congressional Reconstruction

31

Readmit, abolish slavery, repeal ordinance of secession, Repay war debts

Johnson's Reconstruction Plan

31

Readmit, abolish slavery, repeal ordinance of secession, Repay war debts

Johnson's Reconstruction Plan

32

first state to secede from the Union

South Carolina

32

first state to secede from the Union

South Carolina

33

Years of the Civil War

1861-1865

34

Years of the Civil War

1861-1865

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slavery, tariffs, state's rights

Sectional Differences

35

slavery, tariffs, state's rights

Sectional Differences

36

abolishes slavery

13th Amendment

36

abolishes slavery

13th Amendment

37

equal rights

14th Amendment

37

equal rights

14th Amendment

38

Right to vote

15th Amendment

39

Hayes gets to be President, Southerner in the cabinet, military is pulled out of the South

Compromise of 1877

39

Hayes gets to be President, Southerner in the cabinet, military is pulled out of the South

Compromise of 1877

40

Lincoln speech dedicating the battlefield to the men who died at Gettysburg

Gettysburg Address

40

Lincoln speech dedicating the battlefield to the men who died at Gettysburg

Gettysburg Address

41

place where Lincoln was shot

Ford's Theater

41

place where Lincoln was shot

Ford's Theater

42

Lincoln wins based on a sectional election and the South decides to secede

Election of 1860

43

shot in Ford's Theater; Lincoln was seen by a gynecologist but died the following morning

Lincoln assassination

43

shot in Ford's Theater; Lincoln was seen by a gynecologist but died the following morning

Lincoln assassination

44

2 sets of election results returned by the South; Hayes determined the winner

Election of 1876

44

2 sets of election results returned by the South; Hayes determined the winner

Election of 1876

45

Act passed by Congress that abolished previous state governments and set up 5 temporary military districts run by Union generals.

Reconstruction Act of 1867

45

Act passed by Congress that abolished previous state governments and set up 5 temporary military districts run by Union generals.

Reconstruction Act of 1867

46

Also known as the Missouri Compromise. Established the 36-30 line saying all states above the line will be free and all states below the line are slave with the exception of Missouri.

Compromise of 1820

47

Also known as the Missouri Compromise. Established the 36-30 line saying all states above the line will be free and all states below the line are slave with the exception of Missouri.

Compromise of 1820

48

someone who wants to abolish slavery

abolitionist

48

someone who wants to abolish slavery

abolitionist

49

Considered the military turning point in the war because it was the first major victory by the North in the Eastern Theater against Lee

Gettysburg

49

Considered the military turning point in the war because it was the first major victory by the North in the Eastern Theater against Lee

Gettysburg

50

Considered the political turning point in the war because following it Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation turning the war into a war about slavery forcing the South to lose their ally.

Antietam

50

Considered the political turning point in the war because following it Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation turning the war into a war about slavery forcing the South to lose their ally.

Antietam

51

Battle that secured Northern control of the Mississippi

Vicksburg

51

Battle that secured Northern control of the Mississippi

Vicksburg

52

Slave states that fought for the North because they believed it was a war about preserving the union, not slavery

Border States

52

Slave states that fought for the North because they believed it was a war about preserving the union, not slavery

Border States

53

full Presidential pardon for Confederate soldiers

amnesty

53

full Presidential pardon for Confederate soldiers

amnesty

54

A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.

sharecropping

54

A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.

sharecropping

55

When the people of a territory vote for themselves if they want to be a free state or slave state

popular sovereignty

56

When the people of a territory vote for themselves if they want to be a free state or slave state

popular sovereignty

57

Any of the laws legalizing racial segregation of blacks and whites that were enacted in Southern states beginning in the 1880s and enforced through the 1950's

Jim Crow Laws

57

Any of the laws legalizing racial segregation of blacks and whites that were enacted in Southern states beginning in the 1880s and enforced through the 1950's

Jim Crow Laws

58

if your grandfather could vote prior to 1867, you could vote; designed to limit black voting

Grandfather Clause

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if your grandfather could vote prior to 1867, you could vote; designed to limit black voting

Grandfather Clause

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to leave the Union

secession

60

to destroy your enemy both physically and mentally; Sherman used in his March to the Sea

Total War

60

to destroy your enemy both physically and mentally; Sherman used in his March to the Sea

Total War

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test required of blacks to take and pass before they could vote; designed to keep blacks from voting

Literacy Test

62

test required of blacks to take and pass before they could vote; designed to keep blacks from voting

Literacy Test

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frees the slaves in states of rebellion (not everywhere)

Emancipation Proclamation

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hold on and wait for an ally; fought as individual states not a united country

Southern strategy

63

hold on and wait for an ally; fought as individual states not a united country

Southern strategy

64

required blacks to pay a fee in order to vote

Poll Tax

64

required blacks to pay a fee in order to vote

Poll Tax

65

split the South, control the rivers, take Richmond

Anaconda Policy

65

designed to keep blacks in their place and restricted their voting capabilities

Black Codes

65

South will vote in one voting block (Democrat) until the 1950s

Solid South

65

Hillbillies lose the most socially and plantation owners lose the most economically

Socio-economic Diagram

65

the realities of reconstruction are very different than the policies designed to free them and give them rights

After Shock Video