Cold war Flashcards Preview

11th grade US History > Cold war > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cold war Deck (64):
1

gives aid to Greece and Turkey

Truman Doctrine

2

gives aid to Western Europe

Marshall Plan

3

gives aid to the Middle East

Eisenhower Doctrine

4

military alliance among the Western Allies

NATO

5

military alliance among the Soviet Allies

Warsaw Pact

6

US policy to stop the spread of communism

Containment Policy

7

Space program created in response to Sputnik

NASA

8

Act increase math and science requirements for school aged children

NDEA National Defense in Education Act

9

failed military attempt to overthrow Castro

Bay of Pigs

10

American pilot, Gary Powers, gets shot down over the Soviet Union and spends 5 years in prison

U2 Incident

11

to bring the country to the brink of war without actually going to war

Brinkmanship

12

Soviet attempt to cut West Berlin off from supplies

Berlin Blockade

13

US response to the Berlin Blockade which we airlifted supplies into West Berlin

Berlin Airlift

14

Built by the Soviets during the Kennedy years

Berlin Wall

15

political, social and economic system where the government controls everything

communism

16

line that divides western control from strict Soviet control

Iron Curtain

17

icy rivalry with no bloodshed between the US and the USSR following WWII

Cold War

18

speech by Nixon in an attempt to convince the American people that he has not taken bribes or gifts while in office. Checkers was the name of their dog which was a gift.

Checkers Speech

19

names of suspected communists

Blacklists

20

started by Kennedy to aid poor countries as an attempt to combat communism

Peace Corp

21

direct phone line between the US and USSR following the Cuban Missile Crisis

Hot Line

22

killing of millions during Stalin's reign

Purges

23

belief that if one country falls to communism, others will too

Domino Theory

24

neutral area that separates conflicting forces

Buffer Zone

25

E. European nations whose economies and societies are controlled by the Soviets

Satellite Nations

26

first Soviet satellite into orbit

Sputnik

27

North Korea invades South Korea to spread communism

Korean War

28

civil war to determine if the country would be communist or a democracy

Chinese Conflict

29

increase GNP, prosperity and defense spending

Post War economy

30

Divide Germany and Berlin into 4 zones. The west will combine their zones

German status

31

first computer

UNIVAC

32

Soviets were constructing launching pads to support nuclear missiles which would decrease US response time to 2 minutes

Cuban Missile Crisis

33

another name for the Berlin Airlift

Operation Vittles

34

79 million babies born between 1945 and 1965

Baby Boom

35

popular TV comedy

I love Lucy

36

King of Rock and Roll in the 1950s

Elvis Presley

37

41,000 miles of highway built

Highway Act of 1956

38

Election where the Chicago Tribune printed a paper claiming Dewy as the winner

Election of 1948

39

limits the president to two terms

22nd Amendment

40

presidential disablity

25th Amendment

41

fear of communism following WWII

Red Scare

42

female sex symbol of the 1950s

Marilyn Monroe

43

total years of the Cold War

1945-1989

44

total years of the Korean War

1950-1953

45

we took over the military and created a democratic nation there

Japan

46

place where the Nationalists fled following the war

Taiwan

47

president who beat Dewy in the 1948 election

Truman

48

President during much of the 1950s

Eisenhower

49

General who publicly criticized Truman for not allowing him to use nuclear weapons in China

MacArthur

50

Senator who wrongly accused people of being communists

McCarthy

51

sold atomic intelligence to the Soviets

Rosenbergs

52

Eisenhower's running mate who delivered the Checkers Speech

Nixon

53

invented the polio vaccine

Jonas Salk

54

leader of Cuba who became friends with the Soviets

Castro

55

leader of the Soviet Union following Stalin's death

Khrushchev

56

Communist leader of China

Mao Zedong

57

Democratic leader of China

Chiang Kai-shek

58

authorized the Bay of Pigs which was a complete failure

JFK

59

author of the Baby and Child Care Book, a popular parenting book

Dr. Spock

60

Communist leader of Vietnam

Ho Chi Minch

61

Democratic leader of Vietnam

Ngo Dinh Diem

62

battle where Vietnam defeats the French

Dien Bien Phu

63

tactic used by Buddhist monks to protest Diem's religious persecution

self immolation

64

phrase used by the Department of Defense to teach people how to protect themselves against a nuclear attack

Duck and Cover