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Flashcards in Final Exam - Sheet1 Deck (133):
1

President during the Great Depression, polio, from a wealthy family

FDR

2

Roosevelt's wife and greatest asset. An advocate for minorities.

Eleanor Roosevelt

3

March 6 to 10 1932, closed banks in order to prevent withdraws ("runs on banks"), and in turn failures

Banking Holiday

4

Name given to FDR's economic plan to fight the Great Depression

New Deal

5

The informal radio conversations Roosevelt had with the people to keep spirits up. It was a means of communicating with the people on how he would take on the depression.

Fireside Chat

6

A group of close advisers to FDR. These were academics, lawyers, economists, and social scientists.

Brain Trust

7

When the government spends more money than it has

Deficit Spending

8

economic policy where government would pump money into the economy in order to stimulate economic recovery

Pump Priming

9

Nickname for FDR's New Deal programs

Alphabet soup

10

insures depositor's money in the banks

FDIC, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation,

11

Funded artists, musicians, and bigger construction projects (Old Valley Stadium and old Phenix elementary

WPA, Works Progress Administration.

12

Federal money to the state for direct help to people 

FERA, Federal Emergency Relief Act. (called FEMA today)

13

 Policies the stock market

SEC Securities and Exchange Commission.

14

reached 25%

unemployment rates

15

eliminate competition businesses will continue to operate

NRA National Recovery Act,

16

immediate needs fulfilled; (Acronym here)

Relief- FERA

17

putting people back to work; (Acronym here)

Recovery-WPA

18

change the system so the market doesn't crash again; (Acronym here)

Reform-FDIC

19

make shift homes made out of cardboard and scrap materials

Hoovervilles

20

increase size of government to deal with Great Depression

FDR policies

21

made simple inexpensive cars by using the assembly line

Henry Ford

22

baseball great

Babe Ruth

23

most notorious gangster from Chicago who was found guilty of income tax evasion

Al Capone

24

first male to fly across the Atlantic Ocean

Charles Lindbergh

25

fear of communism

Red Scare

26

Teapot Dome, Veteran's Bureau, Daugherty Attorney General

Harding Scandals

27

give big tax breaks to the wealthy so the money can trickle down to the poor. High protective tariffs so US will buy American

Trickle Down Theory

28

famous dance performed by a flapper

Charleston

29

Exploded with popularity and encouraged people to buy products

Advertising

30

illegal bars of the 1920s

Speakeasies

31

crashed when everyone sold their stock and the prices dropped. People who never played the stock market lost everything because the banks played the market with their money

Stock Market Crash

32

to buy stock by putting a small amount down and borrowing the rest

buying on margin

33

when a small amount of money is put down to buy a product and then the rest is paid off in installments with interest

installment buying

34

days of racial rioting broke out when a young black boy is drowned by whites

Chicago Riot of 1919

35

Italian radicals who became symbols of the Red Scare of the 1920s; arrested, tried and executed for a robbery/murder

Sacco and Vanzetti

36

membership increased during the 1920s

KKK

37

Ford made cheap inexpensive cars affordable for the common person; assembly line

Automobiles

38

A style of dance music popular in the 1920s

Jazz

39

explodes with popularity in the 1920s

radio

40

period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale, distribution and consumption of alcoholic beverages was prohibited

Prohibition

41

Alliance system, Militarism, Nationalism, Imperialism

Causes of WWI

42

murdered by Gavrilo Princip in Bosnia while on a good will visit

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

43

Total years of WWI

1914-1918

44

Treaty that ended WWI on the Western Front

Treaty of Versailles

45

Wilson's plan for peace following WWI

Fourteen Points

46

Note written by German foreign minister to Mexico promising Mexico Texas, New Mexico and Arizona if they join the war against America

Zimmerman Note

47

Germany's plan to avoid a two front war by taking out France quickly and then turning all their attention to Russia. Failed because of the Belgium resistance. (6 days to 18 days)

Schlieffen Plan

48

Peace keeping organization designed to create long lasting world wide peace. # 14 of Wilson's 14 point plan. Never ratified by the Senate so US was never a part of it.

League of Nations

49

harsh because of trench foot, trench mouth, disease, shell shock

Trench Warfare Characteristics

50

US wanted to return to this policy following WWI

Isolationism

51

responsible for pulling a lot of countries into WWI

Alliance system

52

exaggerated stories designed to evoke an emotional response. Hearst and Pulitzer battled for the best story.

Yellow Journalism

53

leader of the Rough Riders in the Spanish American War and took the Panama Canal

Teddy Roosevelt

54

Chinese militant group that worked to get rid of foreign influence

Boxer Rebellion

55

sinking of the Maine, De Lome letter

Causes of the Spanish American War

56

need for new markets, need for raw materials, religious missionaries, White Man's Burden

Why Imperialism

57

George Dewey conquers and provides a foothold into China

Philippines

58

corporate rebellion to overthrow the queen and set up the annexation process

Hawaii acquisition

59

policy signed by Secretary of State John Hay to open trade in China

Open Door Policy

60

Washington's Farewell Address, Monroe Doctrine, Declaration of Independence

Documents supporting Isolationism

61

tried to return Hawaii to the Hawaiians

Queen Liliuokalani

62

Inventor of the light bulb, phonograph and motion picture

Edison

63

Inventor of the telephone

Bell

64

Author of the book The Jungle

Upton Sinclair

65

known as the trust buster, wanted to break up monopolies

Teddy Roosevelt

66

immigrants worked long hours with low pay in dangerous working conditions

working conditions

67

when one company controls an entire industry; discourages competition and increases prices

monopoly

68

hands off policy by the government used during this era

laissez-faire

69

survival of the fittest in social settings or society

Social Darwinism

70

tycoons gave charitable donations to build things such as Carnegie Hall and Rockefeller Center

philanthropy

71

location where over 17 million European immigrants were processed. 3rd class passengers endured medical tests (trachoma) and mental testing (branded with chalk)

Ellis Island

72

prohibition, to prohibit the sale, consumption and distribution of alcohol

18th Amendment

73

women's right to vote

19th Amendment

74

stopped the sale of contaminated foods and called for truth in labeling

Pure Food and Drug Act

75

required strict cleanliness for meat packers and began federal meat inspections

Meat Inspection Act

76

natural resources, new inventions and cheap labor

Industrial Revolution Characteristics

77

sewing machine, typewriter, Morse code

Inventions of the late 19th Century

78

used during the Industrial Revolution to help families survive financially

Child Labor

79

encouraged to acquire an unskilled labor force

Immigration

80

when the people vote directly on an issue; like for a casino in their county

referendum

81

when the people can vote to remove an elected official before their term is up; this happened to Gov. Davis which is how Arnold Schwarzenegger became governor

recall

82

when the people initiate legislation like Megan's law or the Amber Alert

initiative

83

awarded people willing to move west 160 acres if they were willing to build a homestead and farm for 5 years

Homestead Act

84

created ag based universities all over the country

Morrill Act

85

to make Indians more like white people

Assimilation

86

railroad that connects the country from coast to coast; met in Promontory Point, Utah

Transcontinental Railroad

87

high railroad rates and low crop prices

Farmer struggles

88

destroyed buffalo, reservation life, white settlement in the West

Indian Struggles

89

Rabid Abolitionist who attempted to incite a slave revolt by raiding Harper's Ferry and killed 5 pro-slavery supporters in Pottawatomie, Kansas

John Brown

90

Missouri slave sued his owner for freedom because his owner took him to a free state.The court decided that Scott was property and therefore the 5th amendment applied and the government can not forbid one of their property therefore allowing slavery to be everywhere

Dred Scott Case

91

President before Lincoln who did nothing when the South seceded

Buchanan inaction

92

Confederate who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater.

John Wilkes Booth

93

a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal

Plessy v. Ferguson

94

Years of the Civil War

1861-1865

95

abolishes slavery

13th Amendment

96

equal rights to blacks

14th Amendment

97

Right to vote for blacks

15th Amendment

98

Considered the military turning point in the war because it was the first major victory by the North in the Eastern Theater against Lee

Gettysburg

99

Slave states that fought for the North because they believed it was a war about preserving the union, not slavery

Border States Role

100

A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.

sharecropping

101

When the people of a territory vote for themselves if they want to be a free state or slave state

popular sovereignty

102

if your grandfather could vote prior to 1867, you could vote; designed to limit black voting

Grandfather Clause

103

test required of blacks to take and pass before they could vote; designed to keep blacks from voting

Literacy Test

104

frees the slaves in states of rebellion (not everywhere)

Emancipation Proclamation

105

required blacks to pay a fee in order to vote

Poll Tax

106

slavery, states rights, tariffs, Lincoln's election, preservation of the Union

Causes of the Civil War

107

increase a need for slave labor in order to keep up with the new machines

Cotton Gin Impact

108

1st 10 Amendments to the Constitution; rights are limited by the rights of others

Bill of Rights

109

In 1773, Boston rebels dumped 18,000 pounds of the East India Company's tea into the waters of Boston harbor as a protest, because the company was not being taxed to sell tea, but the colonial tea sellers were.

Boston Tea Party

110

based on population of the state

House of Representatives

111

Constitution Written

1787

112

American Declaration of Independence

1776

113

based on equal representation (2 for each state)

Senate Representation

114

1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)

Articles of Confederation

115

Right to bear arms

2nd Amendment

116

Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause

4th Amendment

117

Double Jeopardy: Can't be tried twice for the same crime; Self Incrimination: Right to remain silent; Must be paid for property if taken for public use

5th Amendment

118

Guarantees the right to jury trial in civil suits involving $20.00 or more.

7th Amendment

119

- farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey; the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion with 13,000 troops; showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem

Whiskey Rebellion

120

1770; 5 civilians who were part of a mob killed by British soldiers; depicted as a brutal slaughter in colonial newspapers

Boston Massacre

121

Branch of government that makes the laws

Legislative Branch

122

Branch of government that enforces the laws

Executive Branch

123

Branch of government that interprets laws

Judicial Branch

124

Declaration of Independence, Louisiana Purchase, strict interpretation of the Constitution

Thomas Jefferson

125

1786-1787; broke out in Massachusetts due to high taxes and heavy debts; demonstrated the need for a stronger national government

Shay's Rebellion

126

taxation, colonists not allowed to expand, Boston forced to provide for troops

Revolutionary War Causes

127

landmark case establishing the principle of judicial review

Marbury vs. Madison

128

no more further European colonization of the Western Hemisphere

Monroe Doctrine

129

War between the US and Britain. Dolley Madison saves Washington's portrait, the British burn the White House down and the Star Spangled Banner is written by Francis Scott Key. Treaty of Ghent ends the war.

War of 1812

130

The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled more than 800 miles to the Indian Territory. More than 400 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.

Trail of Tears

131

created insane asylums and rights for prisoners

Prison and Mentally Insane reform movement

132

fought to end slavery

Abolition reform movement

133

worked for women to have the right to vote

Women's reform