WWII - Sheet1 Flashcards Preview

11th grade US History > WWII - Sheet1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in WWII - Sheet1 Deck (80):
1

Germany, Italy, Japan

Axis Powers

2

Leader of Japan

Tojo

3

total years of WWII

1939-1945

4

US citizens rationed key items such as sugar, gas and tires to ensure the troop's needs were taken care of

rationing coupons

5

last offensive attack by the Germans in Belgium

Battle of the Bulge

6

spoke an unbreakable code for the US intelligence and communication

Navajo

7

fought to control an airstrip, snakes, scorpions and a hot climate were factors. location of the Sullivan Brother tragedy

Guadalcanal

8

used the blitzkrieg approach to take out land locked countries

Hitler's expansion

9

too far from Japan, harbor too shallow for a torpedo attack, sabotage was more likely

Pearl Harbor assumptions

10

Leader of Italy for much of the war. Hitler's puppet who took North Africa and was ultimately killed by his own people.

Mussolini

11

ship sunk at Pearl Harbor in 7 minutes killing 400

Oklahoma

12

1st bombed dropped

Little Boy

13

US General in charge of the Pacific Theater

MacArthur

14

told Soviets we didn't need their help anymore in Asia, issued the Potsdam Declaration

Potsdam Conference

15

ship sunk at Pearl Harbor in 9 minutes killing 1100

Arizona

16

Invasion of Italy

Op. Avalanche

17

Date Pearl Harbor was attacked

12/7/1941

18

split Germany into 4 zones, agreed the US would stop at the Elbe River and allow Soviets to take Berlin, created the United Nations and asked Soviets to help us fight in Asia

Yalta Conference

19

Germany's invasion of Russia

Op. Barbarossa

20

Italian leader who overthrew Mussolini

Badoglio

21

Germany's invasion of Great Britain

Op. Sea Lion

22

didn't send a 3rd wave, missed oil tankers, repair shops and aircraft carriers

Japanese mistakes

23

1st major victory for the US in the Pacific. Significant because Japan can not rebuild their military

Midway

24

British General in charge of taking North Africa

Montgomery

25

warned Japan to surrender unconditionally or face total destruction

Potsdam Declaration

26

US policy to keep us out of WWII

Neutrality Act of 1939

27

operation to deceive the Germans as to where the official point of attack would be in France, blow up tanks and spies used

Op. Fortitude

28

gas chambers, incinerators, mass graves, medical experimentation

Concentration camps

29

Hitler's defensive structure that ran from Norway to France

Atlantic Wall

30

famous singer of the 1940s

Frank Sinatra

31

houses Germany agriculture and industry, first to be taken in Hitler's expansion

Rhineland

32

7 month period of inactivity which Hitler used to rebuild his military

Phony War

33

Allied invasion of France at Normandy beach. heaviest casualties at Omaha beach

D-Day Invasion

34

battle where kamikazes were used the most

Okinawa

35

forced removal of Japanese Americans into camps because the govt. feared they were a threat to national security

Japanese-American Internment

36

Study the map!!

Map

37

2nd bomb dropped

Fat Man

38

German General in charge of North Africa and known as the desert fox

Rommel

39

symbol for women to encourage them to work in munition factories

Rosie the Riveter

40

US General in charge of 1 million ficticious soldiers as part of Operation Fortitude

Patton

41

VP under Roosevelt who took over when Roosevelt died. Responsible for dropping the atomic weapon.

Truman

42

Invasion of France

Op. Overlord

43

President of the US during much of the War

Roosevelt

44

operation to decode the Japanese message system by reading a message on the open airways regarding a desalinization machine

Op. Magic

45

name of the plane that dropped the first atomic bomb

Enola Gay

46

froze money, stopped selling them goods, sent notes of protest

US response to Japanese Expansion

47

5 brothers who were all on the same ship when it was sunk, killing all 5. Forced US to change policies regarding families serving in a war.

Sullivan Brothers

48

US policy to loan arms to Great Britain with the expectation they would be returned or replaced

Lend-Lease Act

49

Britain, France, US and Russia

Allied Powers

50

suicide mission by the Japanese at Okinawa

kamikaze

51

Russian policy where they would destroy Russian property so the Germans could not use anything

Scorched Earth Policy

52

fought in segregated units, allowed to join the marine corp and broke the color barrier with the Tuskegee Airmen

African Americans

53

name of the British airforce

RAF

54

Leader of Great Britain during the War

Churchill

55

Secret scientific project to create the atomic bomb

Manhattan Project

56

US General in charge of the D-Day invasion

Eisenhower

57

2nd Japanese city that was bombed by an atomic weapon called Fat Man

Nagasaki

58

held individuals accountable for crimes against humanity

Nuremberg Trials

59

name of the German airforce

Luftwaffe

60

bloodiest battle in Marine Corp history, proved the Japanese would fight till their very last man; famous flag picture taken here

Iwo Jima

61

Leader of Russia

Stalin

62

Invasion of Poland and the official start of WWII

9/1/1939

63

What you have to take in order to take the country

The Capital

64

series of treaties signed by Japan and the US among others that promised they would respect each other's holdings in the Pacific

4,5,9 power treaties

65

provides low interest to veterans to buy a house, start a business, or go to college

GI Bill of Rights

66

1st Japanese city that was bombed by an atomic weapon called Little Boy

Hiroshima

67

night of the broken glass, the night the Holocaust officially began

Kristallnacht

68

Hitler's wife who was killed by Hitler soon after their marriage

Eva Braun

69

country Hitler invaded to start WWII

Poland

70

mass killing of 6 million Jews and 5 million others

Holocaust

71

US General in charge of relocating Japanese Americans to internment camps

Dewitt

72

Invasion of North Africa

Op. Torch

73

name given to the US because they are the only ones with a nuclear weapon

Super Power

74

midget sub sunk, planes on the radar, East Wind Rain

Pearl Harbor warning signs

75

Leader of Germany

Hitler

76

type of invasion where soldiers go from water to land

Amphibious

77

100 mile march where US and Filipino soldiers where beaten, tortured and starved to death

Bataan Death March

78

Comedian and entertainer of the troops during WWII

Bob Hope

79

famous big band director of the 1940s

Glen Miller

80

US strategy in the Pacific where we would hop over islands and only focus on the ones that helped us take Japan

Island Hopping