Flashcards in 2-5 - Word Learning Strategies Deck (13):
What is the problem for children when learning words?
Spoken words can have numerous possible meanings depending on the situation?
How do children solve the problem of words having multiple meanings?
By employing a range of strategies to determine word meanings
What are four Cognitive Strategies to word learning?
The Whole Word Assumption
The Type Assumption
The Basic Level Assumption
What is the Whole Word Assumption?
Words refer to whole objects,
(e.g. the collie is the whole animal, not just its nose, head, collar, etc.)
What is the Type Assumption?
Words refer to a category, not an individual
(e.g. : the collie is a type of dog, not the name of this collie)
What is the Basic Level Assumption?
Words refer to objects that are alike in basic ways
(e.g. ‘collie’ is not a word for animals, but for the class of animals that look like this one )
What is Mutual Exclusivity?
Words differ in meaning,
(e.g. ‘collie’ does not mean ‘dog’, ‘nose’ etc.)
(i.e. words the child knows)
What are Linguistic Strategies to word learning?
Using language structures provide insight to meanings.
What are Articles?
A, An, The
Indicate members of a class
What can articles or the lack or articles tell us about a word?
Something is a noun
Lack of articles = names and/or classes
(e.g. “this is a dog” vs. “this is Ben” vs. “these are dogs”)
Research with children as young as _____ show evidence that children are sensitive to the
role of ______.
Linguistic strategies may be especially important for the acquisition of ____________________.