3rd Midterm Study Guide: Pharmacology for Skin, Acne, Muscle Relaxants, and Infections Flashcards Preview

Human Disease and Therapeutics > 3rd Midterm Study Guide: Pharmacology for Skin, Acne, Muscle Relaxants, and Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3rd Midterm Study Guide: Pharmacology for Skin, Acne, Muscle Relaxants, and Infections Deck (29):
1

Chronic inflammation can lead to what?

Cancers
Pulmonary Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes
Alzheimer's
Oral Diseases (Perio)
Neurological Disease
Arthritis

2

What are the 3 drug types for Inflammation?

NSAIDS
Glucocorticoids
DMARDS

3

How do NSAIDS work?

COX 1 and COX 2 inhibitors

4

What are side effects of COX 1 NSAIDS?

Bleeding and Kidney problems

5

What are side effects of COX 2 NSAIDS?

MI and Stroke and hypertension

6

What are examples of Non-selective NSAIDS?

Aspirin
Ibuprofen
Naproxen

7

What is an example of a COX II NSAID?

Celecoxib

8

What is characteristic of Glucocorticoids?

-Rapidly Acting
-Dramatic Effect on inflammation and slowing bone erosions in rheumatoid arthritis.

9

What are side effects of Glucocorticoids?

-Loss of Muscle mass
-Osteoporosis
-Diabetogenesis
-Peptic Ulcers
-Round Face
-Buffalo Hump

10

Examples of Glucocorticoids...

Cortisone and Prednisone - Short to Medium acting
Dexamethasone - Long acting

11

What is characteristic of Glucocorticoids?

-Rapidly acting
-Dramatic effect on inflammation and slowing bone erosions in Rheumatoid Arthritis

12

What are examples of DMARDS?

Methotrexate
Sulfasalazine

13

How do DMARDS work?

Decrease inflammation and slow bone damage in rheumatoid arthritis.

*potentially more toxic than other options

14

What are side effects of DMARDS?

Severe Hepatotoxicity
Stomatitis
Immunosuppression

15

What are the three types of drugs to treat Acne Vulgaris?

Topical Keratolytics
Antibiotics
Retinoids (Vit A derivatives)

16

What is the action of Topical Keratolytics?

Removes the keratin layer and opens sebaceous glands

17

What are examples of Topical Keratolytics?

Salicylic Acid
Benzoyl Peroxide

18

What are examples of antibiotics used to tx acne vulgaris?

Erythromycin
Tetracycline
Clindamycin
Dapson

19

What is the action of antibiotics to treat acne?

eliminate the bacteria that cause the infection and inflammation associated with acne.
*topical or systemic -drugs concentrate on skin

20

What are examples of Retinoids (Vitamin A derivatives)

Tretinoin - topical
Isotretinoin (Accutane) - Systemic

21

What is the general action of Muscle Relaxants?

Enhance levels of inhibition, usually via CNS (GABA-mediated)

22

What are the 3 different categories of Muscle relaxants?

Antispasmotics
Non-Depolarizing Neuromuscular Blockers
Depolarizing Neuromuscular Blockers

23

What are examples of Antispasmotics?

Diazepam
Baclofen (Gaba B agonist)
Dantrolene (alters Ca++ trafficking)
Carisoprodol (Soma) - muscle relaxant/sedative; may have some dependence problems.

24

What are examples of Non-Depolarizing Neuromuscular Blockers?

D-tubocurarine - Blocks ganglionic nicotinic receptor
Acetylcholinerase inhibitors - overwhelming blockade
with increased ACh.

25

What are examples of Depolarizing Neuromuscular Blockers?

Succinylcholine - Blocks ganglionic nicotinic receptors by desensitizing

*fast acting, get initial twitching before paralysis
*acetylcholinesterase inhibitor does not reverse

26

What are the Antiviral groups used to treat things like sShingles and Herpes?

Viral thymidine kinase-dependent types
Non thymidine kinase dependent antivirals
Topicals for cold sores/recurrent HSV

27

What are examples of Viral thymidine kinase-dependent types?

Acyclovir - Mainly Herpes, not really VZV
Famciclovir - good for VZV and HSV, Longer lasting

28

What is and example of a Non thymidine kinase dependent antiviral?

Foscarnet - Less of a resistant problem

29

What are examples of topicals for HSV?

Denavir Cream (Penicyclovir)
Zorax (Acyclovir)