4.02 - Articulation & Resonance B Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.02 - Articulation & Resonance B Deck (120)
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What are the four Intrinsic Lingual Muscles?

Superior Longitudinal Muscle

Inferior Longitudinal Muscle

Vertical Muscle

Transverse Muscle

1

What are the two Intrinsic Lingual Muscles in the Longitudinal Dimension?

Superior Longitudinal Muscle

Inferior Longitudinal Muscle

2

What are the two Intrinsic Lingual Muscles in the Vertical Dimension?

Vertical Muscle

Transverse Muscle

3

What does the Superior Longitudinal Muscle do?

Raises the tongue tip

4

What does the Inferior Longitudinal Muscle do?

Lowers the tongue tip

5

What does the Transverse Lingual Muscle do?

Narrows the tonge

Makes the tongue skinny & pointed

6

What happens when you simultaneously contract the Superior & Inferior Longitudinal Muscles?

Retracts the tongue

7

What do the Vertical & Transverse Lingual Muscles do?

Change the shape of the tongue

8

What are extrinsic muscles?

One that connect with the system at one end and connects elsewhere with the other end.

9

What are the four Extrinsic Lingual Muscles?

Palatoglossus

Genioglossus

Styloglossus

Hyoglossus

10

The Genioglossus starts at the ______ and ______.

Chin

Fans out backwards into the mouth

11

What does the Genioglossus do if there is posterior contraction?

Protrudes the tongue

12

What does the Genioglossus do if there is anterior contraction?

Retracts the tongue

13

The Styloglossus connects the ______ to the _______.

Styloid process

Inferior sides of the tongue

14

What does the Styloglossus do?

(2)

Elevates the back of the tongue

Pulls the tongue back

15

What class of sounds do we use the Styloglossus to produce?

Velars

16

The Palatoglossus connects the ______ to the _______.

Velum

Tongue

17

What does the Palatoglossus do if you fix the part at the palate?

Raises the tongue

18

What does the Palatoglossus do if you fix the part at the tongue?

Lowers the velum

19

What are two other names for the Palatoglossus?

Glossopalatine

Anterior Faucial Pillar

20

The Hyoglossus connects the ______ to the ______.

Hyoid

Tongue

21

What does the Hyoglossus do?

Pulls the sides of the tongue down

22

When the Velopharyngeal Port is down, it is ______.

Open

23

When the Velopharyngeal Port is closed, it is ______.

Up

24

When the Mandible is depressed, it is ______.

Open

25

What is the main purpose of the Extrinsic Muscles of the Tongue?

To change the tongue's position

26

What provides the main innervation for the Intrinsic Lingual Muscles?

Cranial Nerve XII

Hypoglossal Nerve

27

What provides the main innervation for the Extrinsic Lingual Muscles?

CN XII

Hypoglossal Nerve

28

What innervates the Palatoglossus?

Pharyngeal Plexus

29

What makes up the Pharyngeal Plexus?

CN X - Vagus Nerve

CN XI - Accessory Nerve