4.01 - Articulation & Resonance A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.01 - Articulation & Resonance A Deck (98)
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What's another name for Palatoglossus?

Glossopalatine

1

What's another name for Glossopalatine?

Palatoglossus

2

What's another name for Palatal Levator?

Levator Veli Palatini

3

What's another name for Levator Veli Palatini?

Palatal Levator

4

What are five upper airway functions that are necessary to sustain life?

Eating

Breathing

Vomiting

Coughing

Sneezing

5

What are two upper airway functions necessary for speech?

Filter Function

Oro-Nasal Coupling

6

What three things are necessary for speech?

Power source

Sound source

Sound filter

7

The upper vocal tract ______ of the cavities, spaces, and location of the constriction to resonate some frequencies of the ______ and attenuate others.

Modulates the shape

Glottal tone

8

The articulation of speech is created by everything ______.

Above the vocal folds

9

What are the two functions does the vocal filter provide?

Resonates harmonics

Attenuates harmonics

10

Resonate means to _____ harmonics where attenuate means to ______ harmonics.

Reinforce

Reduce the power

11

What are formants? What determines them?

Resonated harmonic frequencies

The length and shape of the vocal tract

12

What are the three stages of speech production?

Glottal tone

Vocal tract filter

Output

13

What is the Torus Tuberius?

The cartilaginous protrusion around the auditory (eustachian) tube opening

14

People say the ethmoid bone is shaped like a _____.

Walnut

15

People say the Vomer Bone is shaped like a ______.

Plow

16

What is another word for nostrils?

Nares

17

Nares are lined with _____ which catch _____ and _____.

Hair

Dust

Bacteria

18

Conchae create swirling pathways for air which ____________ which protects the lungs.

Warms and moistens the air

19

What sort of lining is in the nasal cavities and sinuses?

Mucosal

20

How much mucus do we produce in a day?

Around a quart

21

What does mucus contain?

(2)

Infection-Fighting Enzymes

White Blood Cells

22

What secondary function does mucus provide?

It is sticky and washes the nasal wall of particles

23

What joint does the Condylar Process connect to?

Temporomanibular Joint

24

What joint does the Coronoid Process?

None.

It only connects to muscles

25

A Class II Malocclusion is an ______.

Overbite

26

A Class III Malocclusion is an _______.

Underbite.

27

What is the difference between TMJ & TMD?

Temporomandibular Joint

Temporomandibular Disorder

28

"Velum" comes from the latin word for _____.

Curtain

29

"Uvela" come from the Latin word for _______.

Little Grape