2.01 - Respiration for Speech Flashcards Preview

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1

What are the three components of Speech Production?

SOURCE - Respiratory System

SOUND - Phonatory System

SOUND SHAPER - Articulatory System

2

Does anatomy bend to the laws of physics?

Yes

3

Gases are comprised of molecules that are in ___________. 

Constant motion

4

Pressure refers to the ______ of the gas over a ______.

Force

Given surface area

5

What is the formula for Pressure?

P = force / area

6

What is Brownian Movement?

That the molecules of gases are in constant movement

7

What is Boyle's Law?

For a gas at a given temperature, PRESSURE and VOLUME are inversely proportional to each other

When volume goes up, pressure goes down.

8

What is the formula for Boyle's Law?

P x V = K

9

What does positive pressure do?

Pushes

10

What is another word for negative pressure?

Vacuum

11

Equilibrium is the stae of rest or balance due to the ______ of ______.

Equivalent effects

Opposing forces

12

Gases and fluids molecules move from areas of _______ to areas of _______.

High Pressure

Low Pressure

13

When a structure is stretched beyond its resting state, it has the ___________.

Kinetic energy for recoil

14

What is recoil?

(2)

Returning to the resting state

Something stretched wants to relax

15

Is recoil active or passive?

Passive

16

During Inhalation, what three things happen?

The lungs become larger (more volume)

Lung pressure decreases (Negative pressure)

Air flows inward from the atmosphere

17

During Exhalation, what three things happen?

The lungs become smaller (less volume)

Lung pressure increases (Positive pressure)

Air flows outward.

 

18

During Inhalation ________ and ________.

Volume increases

Pressure decreases

19

During Exhalation ________ and ________.

Volume decreases

Pressure increases

20

What is Negative Pressure?

When pressure decreases

21

What is Positive Pressure?

When pressure increases

22

What are the four components of the Respiratory Pump?

Active forces (muscular)

Passive forces (nonmuscular, recoil, gravity)

Air itself (behavior of gas & pressure, physics)

Air passageways (pulmonary structures)

23

Do the lungs attach to the ribs?  What does this do?

Yes

Expanding the ribs expands the lungs

24

What are the upper seven ribs called?  What do they attach to?

True Ribs

Sternum via cartilige

25

What are the 8-10 ribs called?  What do they attach to?

False ribs

They attach to a cartiligous extension than then attaches to sternum

26

What are the last 2-3 ribs called?  Why?

Floating ribs

They do not attach to cartilige or the sternum

27

The Sacral Vertebrae are _____.

Fused

28

How many Coccyx Vertebrae are there?

One

29

What does the word "foremen" refer to?

A hole

30

What is the TOP of the Bony Box?

The Pectoral Girdle