Anatomical Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomical Terminology Deck (96):
0

Thorax

Chest Region

1

Abdomen

 

(2)

Belly

Anterior abdominal wall

2

Trunk/Torso

Thorax + Abdomen

3

Dorsal Trunk

The back

4

Caput

Head

5

Pelvis

Area around hip bones

6

 What is housed in the Facial Part of the skull?

 

(4)

 

Houses mouth, pharynx, nasal cavity, & mastication (chewing)

7

What is housed in the Cranial Portion portion of the skull?

Houses the brain, etc.

8

Lower Extremities

 

(2)

Connects to trunk

Thigh -> Foot

9

Upper Extremity

 

(2)

Connects to trunk

Arms -> Hands

10

What are the six cavities of the body?

Cranial

Vertebral

Thoracic

Pericardial

Abdominal

Pelvic

11

What does the Cranial Cavity contain?

Brain

12

What does the Vertebral Cavity contain?

Spinal column

13

What does the Thoracic Cavity contain?

Lungs, etc.

14

What does the Pericardial Cavity contain?

Heart

15

What does the Abdominal Cavity contain?

Digestive System

16

What does the Pelvic Cavity contain?

Bladder

Reproductive Organs

17

Axial Skeleton

 

(3)

Head

Trunk

Spinal Column

18

Appendicular Skeleton

 

(2)

Upper limbs

Lower limbs

19

Neuraxis

 

(2)

Axial portion of the brain

Central nervous system

20

Coronal Plane

Splits front from back

21

Transverse Plane

At waist

Separates top (head) from bottom (feet)

22

Sagittal Plane

Splits right from left

23

Frontal Section

Divides body into front and back halves

24

Sagittal Section

Right and left cut

25

Midsagittal Section

The mid point between the right and left halves

26

What is another name for "Coronal Section"?

Frontal Section

27

What does the word "sagittal" mean?

Arrow-like

28

Anterior

Front

29

Ventral

 

(2)

Towards the belly

Anterior surface

30

Posterior

Towards the rear

31

Dorsal

Towards the back (spine)

32

Rostral

 

(3)

"Beak-like"

 

Towards the head

 

Can mean anterior

33

Peripheral

Away from the center

34

Superficial

On the surface

35

Deep

 

(2)

Away from the surface

Closer to the axis of the body

36

External

 

(2)

Outside the body

Outside a particular cavity

37

Internal

 

(2)

Inside the body

 

Inside a particular cavity

38

Distal

 

(2)

Away from the midline

Away from the point of attachment

39

Medial

Toward the midline

40

Superior

 

(2)

Above

Away from the ground

41

Inferior

 

(2)

Below

Closer to the ground

42

Prone

 

(2)

On the belly

Body in a horizontal position facing down

43

Supine

 

(2)

On the back

Body in a horizontal position facing up

44

Lateral

Towards the side

45

Proximal

 

(2)

Near

Nearest to the point of attachment

46

Flexion

Bending at a joint that moves parts closer together

47

Extension

Bending at the joint that moves parts further apart

48

Hyperextension

An extreme extension (arching one's back)

49

Dorsiflexion

= Hyperextension

50

Abduction

Open

51

Caudal

Towards the tail

52

Plantar

Pertaining to the soles of the feet

53

Adduction

Close

54

Inversion

Turning inward

55

Eversion

Turning outward

56

Pronate

To place in a prone position

57

Palmar

Pertaining to the palm of the hand

58

Supinate

To place in a supine position

59

Ipsi-

Same

60

The opposite of Ventral is ______.

Dorsal

61

The opposite of Anterior is ______.

Posterior

62

The opposite of Periperal is ______.

Deep

63

The opposite of Distal is ______ or ______.

Medial

Proximal

64

The opposite of Prone is ______.

Supline

65

The opposite of Proximal is ______.

Distal

66

The opposite of Flexion is ______.

Extension

67

The opposite of Superior is ______.

Inferior

68

The opposite of Posterior is ______.

Anterior

69

The opposite of Abduction is ______.

Adduction

70

The opposite of Dorsal is ______.

Ventral

71

The opposite of Deep is ______.

Peripheral

72

The opposite of Medial is ______.

Distal

73

The opposite of Inferior is ______.

Superior

74

The opposite of Extension is ______.

Flexion

75

The opposite of Supine is ______.

Prone

76

The opposite of Adduction is ______.

Abduction

77

The opposite of Caudal is ______.

Rostral

78

The opposite of Rostral is ______.

Caudal

79

What anatomical direction are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Rostral

B = Caudal

C = Doral

D = Ventral

80

What anatomical direction are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Rostral

B = Caudal

C = Dorsal

D = Ventral

81

What anatomical direction are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Rostral

B = Caudal

C = Dorsal

D = Ventral

82

What anatomical direction are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Dorsal

B = Ventral

83

What sort of antatomial cuts are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Transverse

B = Cross Section

84

What sort of antatomial cut is the following?

Q image thumb

Coronal

85

What sort of antatomial cut is the following?

Q image thumb

Coronal

86

What sort of antatomial cut is the following?

Q image thumb

Transverse / Horizontal

87

What sort of antatomial cut is the following?

Q image thumb

Transverse / Horizontal

88

What sort of antatomial cut is the following?

Q image thumb

Sagittal

89

What sort of antatomial cuts are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Midsagittal

B = Sagittal

90

What are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Axon

B = Myelin Sheath

C = Schwann Cell (or Oligodendroglia)

D = Nodes of Ranvier

E = Node of Ranvier

F = Layers of Myelin

G = Axon

H = Schwann Cell (or Oligodendroglia)

I = Nucleus

91

What are the followins?

Q image thumb

A = Plasma Cell Membrane

B = Organelle

C = Nucleus

D = Organelle

E = Organelle

F = Mitochondria

G = Organelle

92

What are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Extracellular Space

B = Intracellular Fluid

C = Bilayer Lipid

93

What are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Flexion

B = Extension

C = Supination

D = Pronation

E = Adduction

F = Abduction

94

Q image thumb

A = Dendrites

B = Soma

C = Axon Hillock

D = Myelin Sheath

E = Axon

F = Axon Terminals

G = Nucleus

H = Organelles

I = Organelles

J = Organelles

K = Mitochondria

95

What are the following?

Q image thumb

A = Olgondendrocyte

B = Myelin

C = RNA

D = Ribosome

E = Axon

F = Microtubles

G = Cytoplasm

H = RNA