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Flashcards in 5B: Intelligence Deck (40):
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Alfred Binet

French psychologist who assessed intellectual abilities along with Theodore Simon in the two develop an objective test to identify children likely to have difficulty in regular classes. Been a and Simon made no assumption of the origin of intelligence.

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Intelligence test

A method for assessing and individuals mental aptitude and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores

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Mental age

A measure of intelligence test performance devised by been a semicolon the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance.

3

Lewis Termin

Professor at Stanford university who revised Binets test because he found that it only worked for students in Paris. He called his addition the Stanford-Binet test

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William Stern

Derive the famous intelligence quotient, or IQ. Number that rated your intelligence

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I Q

Defined originally as the ratio of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100. I'm contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100. Eugenics propose measuring human traits and using the results to encourage or discourage reproduction

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Improper use

Works better on children then on adult so you cannot compare a 40-year-old to 20-year-old who got the same score

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Intelligence

Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations. Also known as adaptive thinking

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Debate

Psychologists to be weather, performance, or in the scrub quality that, like, is in the eye of the beholder

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Charles Spearman

Help developed factor analysis but also believed in general intelligence. Granted that people often have special abilities that stand out

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Gen. intelligence

Also known as the G factor and the general mental abilities therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test

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Factor analysis

A statistical procedure that identifies question laded items on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie ones total score

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L.L Thurstone

Gave 56 different test people enough not to be identified in clusters of primary mental abilities to just work Lindsay memory and reasoning

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Howard Gardner

Supports their stones idea that intelligence comes in different packages. You believe they were there were eight intelligences: word smarts with sticks, number smarts, music smarts, space months, body smarts, so smart, people smart, in New Jersey

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Savant syndrome

A condition in which a person otherwise limited ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as income or drawing

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Robert Sternberg and Richard Wagner's triarchic theory

Analytical, creative, practical intelligence. Analytical meant scholastic intelligence creativity and every day

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Daniel Goldman

Mother, psychologist, & Stern Grove emotional intelligence

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Emotional intelligence

The ability to perceive, express, understand, and regulate emotions. People with higher EQ's are more successful in marriages end in parenting

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Creativity

The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas. Number one expertise: well-developed base of knowledge. Number two imaginative thinking skills: provide the ability to see things in new ways, to recognize patterns, to make connections. Number three adventure some personality: tolerate ambiguity and risk, perseveres in overcoming obstacles, and seek new experiences rather than following the pack.Number four intrinsic motivation: enjoy the challenge of their workNumber five a creative environments: Sparks, supports, and refined creative ideas

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Divergent thinking

Thinking creatively or outside the box

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Intelligence in the brain

Brain anatomy and intelligence have correlation; highly educated people die with more brain synapses

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Highly intelligent people

17% more gray matter. They differ in neural plasticity

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Aptitude tests

A test designed to predict a persons future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn. The PSAT predict your SAT score performance

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Achievement tests

A test designed to assess what a person has learned. For example a final

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Power test

Gage the ability of what a person has learned in a certain area. AP tests and partial power test because they had increasing difficulty

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Speed test

Designed to assess how quickly a test takers able to complete the items within a set time.

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Weschler adult intelligence scale also known as WAIS

The WAIS is the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance subtests. Used to assess it telogen's in adults it has 11 subtests provides called and give intelligence whereabouts

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Normal curve

Bell shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores Lynear the extremes

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Standardization

Defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested standardization group. Scores are stable by age 7

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Reliability

The extent to which a test yields content consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, and alternate forms of the test, or and retesting. Split half-compare scores on to house of the test

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Validity

The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to

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Content validity

You extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest

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Predictive validity

The success with which interest predicts the behavior including the correlation between two scores in the group.

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Criterion

The behavior that it test is designed to predict; thus, the measure used in defining whether the test is predictive validity

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Mental retardation

A condition of limited mental ability indicated by an intelligent score below 70 and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound my old means a score of 50 to 70 patients have social skills and moderate has a score from 35 to 4910% of people have this in severe score from 20 to 30 for 3 to 5% these people may know how to talk and profound has the score below 21 to 2% people homeless

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Down syndrome

A condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one Synotic make up

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Gifted children

Contrary to the popular notion that intellectually gifted children are frequently maladjusted because they are in a different world from their nongifted peers, terminus high-scoring children, like those in later studies, we're healthy, well-adjusted an unusually successful academically. A score of 135 is considered gifted the controversy with gifted programs is that segregation is your own kids who are left behind think they are dumb and have low self-esteem and so fulfilling prophecy's occur

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Heritability coefficient

Refers to the proportion of variability and I trade across a population attributable to genetic differences among members of the population. Adopted children their IQ scores resemble their biological parents more than their adoptive parents

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Identical twin study results

Twins who are raised together have IQ of .75 intelligence is genetic twins who are raised part have an IQ of .65 which means it is genetic but also environmental. Blacks average 10 points lower than whites

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Flynn effect

100 years ago IQ scores were lower environment caused increase in scores nutrition education and technology