Abdominal Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abdominal Emergencies Deck (15):
1

Peritoneum

membrane that lines the abdominal cavity (parietal peritoneum) and covers the organs within it (visceral peritoneum)

2

retroperitoneal space

area posterior to the peritoneum between the peritoneum and the back

3

Visceral Pain

poorly localized, dull, or diffuse pain that arises from the abdominal organs, or viscera

4

Parietal Pain

localized, intense pain that arises from the parietal peritoneum, the lining of the abdominal cavity

5

tearing pain

sharp pain that feels as if body tissues are being torn apart

6

referred pain

pain that is felt in a location other than where the pain originates

7

Appendicitis

infection of the appendix (needs surgery)
Signs and Symptoms: nausea sometimes vomiting, pain in the area of the umbilicus (initially), followed by persistent pain in the RLQ

8

Peritonitis

may be result of medical condition (such as inflammationof a ruptured appendix) or the result of trauma (bleeding from ruptured spleen)
Abdomen typically becomes extremely painful and rigid. rigidity is involuntary response of the muscles over the peritoneum. this is a potential life-threatening emergency

9

Cholecystitis/Gallstones

inflammation of the gallbladder, often caused by gallstones
Patient experiences severe sometimes sudden RUQ and/or Epigastric (Upper central abdomen just below the xiphoid process) pain, which may radiate to the shoulders. pain may be caused or worsened by ingestion of foods high in fat

10

Pancreatitis

Inflammation of the pancreas common in patients with chronic alcohol problems
Pain found in epigastric area. pain may radiate to the back or shoulders and can present signs of shock

11

Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding

Bleeding occurring anywhere within the GI system
blood will eventually pass out through the rectum or the mouth
no significant or constant pain associated unless patient has perforated ulcers in the stomach

12

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)

ballooning or weakening in the wall of the aorta as it passes through the abdomen. weakening results in tearing of the internal layer of the blood vessel, which allows blood to escape into the weaker, outer layers, which can gradually grow and rupture

13

Hernia

hole in the muscle layer of the abdominal wall, allowing tissue usually intestinal to protrude up against the skin
aggravated by heavy lifting or training that causes the intestine to push through the weakened area in the abdominal wall

14

Renal Colic

Kidney stones

15

Cardiac Involvement

Pain from a MI may be felt as abdominal discomfort,