Assessment of the Trauma Patient Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Assessment of the Trauma Patient Deck (13):
1

Trauma Patient

patient suffering from one or more physical injuries

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History of the present illness (HPI)

information gathered regarding the symptoms and nature of the patients current concern

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Secondary Assessment- Trauma Patient

After Scene Size-Up: No significant Mechanism of Injury
Determine chief complaint and HPI
perform secondary assessment based on Chief Complain and mechanism of injury
assess baseline vital signs
obtain a past medical history

After Scene Size-Up and Primary Assessment: Significant Mechanism of Injury
DetermineChief Complaint and rapidly find HPI
continue manual stabilization of the head and neck
consider requesting ALS personnel
Perfome rapid trauma assessment
assess baseline vital signs
obtain a past medical history

4

Past Medical History (PMH)

Information gathered regarding the patient's health problems in the past

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SAMPLE

Signs and Symptoms
Allergies
Medications
Pertinent past History
Last oral intake
Events leading to the injury or illeness

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Crepitation

the grating sound or feeling of broken bones rubbing together

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Rapid Trauma Assessment

rapids assessment of the head, neck, chest abdomen, pelvis, extremities, and posterior of the body to detect signs and symptoms of injury

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Jugular Vein Distention (JVD)

Bulging of the neck veins

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Tracheostomy

a surgical incision held ope by a metal or plastic tube

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Paradoxical motion

movement of a part of the chest in the opposite direction to the rest of the chest during respiration

11

distention

a condition of being stretched inflated, or larger than normal

12

Priapism

persistent erection of the penis that may result from spinal injury and some medical problems

13

Detailed Physical Exam

an assessment of the head, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, extremities, and posterior of the body to detect signs and symptoms of injury. it differs from the rapid trauma assessment only in that it also includes examination of the face ears ,eyes, nose, and mouth during the examination of the head. it may be done less rapidly, and it may be done en route to the hospital after earlier on-scene assessments and interventions are complete