Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Flashcards Preview

EMT > Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Deck (23):
1

Scope of Practice

a set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the scope, or extent and limits, of the EMTs job

2

Standard of Care

for an EMT providing care for specific patient in a specific situation, the care that would be expected to be provided by an EMT with similar training when caring for a patient in a similar situation

3

Consent

permission from the patient for care or other action by the EMT

4

Expressed Consent

consent given by adults who are of legal age and mentally competent to make a rational decision in regard to their medical well-being

5

Implied Consent

the consent it is presumed a patient or patient's parent or guardian would give if they could such as for an unconscious patient or a parent who cannot be contaced when care is needed

6

in loco parentis

in place of the parent, indicating a person who may give consent for care of a child when the parents are not present or able to give consent

7

Liability

being held legally responsible

8

Assult

placing a person in fear of bodily harm

9

Battery

causing bodily harm to or restraining a person

10

DNR order

do not resuscitate order
legal document usually signed by the patient and his physician which states that the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitation efforts

11

Advanced Directive

a DNR order; instructions written in advance of an event

12

Negligence

a finding of failure to act properly in a situation in which there was a duty to act, that needed care as would reasonably be expected of the EMT was not provided, and that harm was caused to the patient as a result

13

Tort

a civil, not criminal , offencse; an action or injury caused by negligence from which a lawsuit may arise

14

res ipsa loquitur

a latin term meaning "the thing speaks for itself"

15

Abandonment

leaving a patient after care has been initiated and before the patient has been transferred to someone with equal or greater medical training

16

Moral

regarding personal standars or principles of right and wrong

17

Ethical

regarding a social system or social or professional expectations for applying principles of right and wrong

18

Good Samaritan laws

a series of laws, varying in each state, designed to provide limited legal protection for citizens and some health care personnel when they are administering emergency care

19

Confidentiality

the obligation not to reveal information obtained about a patient except to other health care professionals involved in the patients care, or under subpoena, or in a court of law, or when the patient has signed a release of confidentiality

20

HIPAA

the Health Insurance Portiblity and Accountibility Act, a federal law protecting the privacy of patient specific health care information and providing the patient with control over how this information is used and distributed

21

Libel

false or injurious information in written form

22

Slander

false or injurious information stated verbally

23

Safe Haven law

law that permits a person to drop off an infanct or child at a police, fire, or EMS station or to deliver the infant or child to any available public safety personnel