Vital Signs and Monitoring Devices Flashcards Preview

EMT > Vital Signs and Monitoring Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vital Signs and Monitoring Devices Deck (16):
1

Vital Signs

outward signs of what is going on inside the body, including respiration, pulse skin color, temperature, and condition (plus capillary refill in infants and children), pupils and blood pressure

2

Tachycardia

a rapid pulse; any pulse rate above 100 beats per minute

3

Bradycardia

a slow pulse; any pulse rate below 60 beats per minute

4

Radial pulse

pulse felt at the wrist

5

Brachial pulse

pulse felt in the upper arm

6

Carotid pulse

pulse felt along the large carotid artery on either side of the neck

7

dilate

get larger

8

Constrict

get smaller

9

Systolic pressure

pressure created when the heart contracts and forces blood out into the arteries

10

Diastolic pressure

pressure remaining in the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is relaxed and refilling

11

sphygmomanometer

the cuff and gauge used to measure blood pressure

12

Auscultation

listening. a stethoscope is used to auscultate for characteristic sounds

13

Palpation

touching or feeling. a pulse or blood pressure may be palated with the fingertips

14

Pulse oximeter

an electronic device for determining amound of oxygen carried int eh blood known as the oxygen saturation or SpO2

15

Oxygen Saturation (SpO2)

the ratio of the amount of oxygen present in the blood to the amount that could be carried expressed as a percentage
typically 96 to 100% is normal
91 to 95% indicates mild hypoxia
86 to 90% indicates significant or moderate hypoxia

16

Normal Blood glucose level

60 to 80 mg/dL and no more than 120or 140 mg/dL