Abdominal Pain in Small Animals Flashcards Preview

Alimentary > Abdominal Pain in Small Animals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdominal Pain in Small Animals Deck (12):
1

What is 'acute abdomen'?

Severe abdominal pain caused by acute disease or injury to internal organs.

2

What needs to be assessed when taking a history from a patient with acute abdomen?

Vomiting/(regurgitation)
Appetite
Behaviour, gait
Grunting, groaning or biting
Progression of clinical signs
Recent surgery?
Toxins/medications/foreign bodies
Urination/defecation
Vaccination/worming
Spey/neutered/on-heat

3

What needs to be specifically examined on physical exam?

Abdominal palpation - pain and location
Fluid thrill/Tympany
Physiological changes
Ptyalism (hypersalivation)

4

What are the steps after developing a DDx list that needs to be done?

Diagnostic plan
Treatment Plan
Follow up plan

5

What organs of the abdomen could have a disease associated them that is the cause of abdominal pain?

Stomach/Intestines
Pancreas
Liver
Spleen
Kidney
Bladder/urethra
Cavity itself
Reproductive

6

What could abdominal pain be mistaken for?

Spinal pain
Nervousness
Respiratory
Hyperasthesia

7

What can make up the diagnostic approach?

PCV/Total Solids/Blood smear
BGs
Abdominal Ultrasound (for free fluid)
Abdominocentesis
Radiography
Diagnostic peritoneal Lavage
CT
Haematology/Biochemistry
Ex Lap

8

Is pyometra always urgent?

Usually less urgent if open.

9

What things can be administered in a medical emergency

IV fluids
Antiemetic
Gastroprotectants
Nutrition
GI Stimulants
(Antibiotics)
Analagesia

10

What analgesics are there?

Pure opiods
Partial agonist opiods
NSAIDs
Multimodal

11

What things need to be considered as part of follow up treatments?

Physical Exam
Analgesia
Fluids
Diagnostic monitoring (PCV etc..)
Nutrition
Home instructions

12

See lecture for differentials list

See lecture for differentials list