Flashcards in Periodontal Disease and Stomatitis Deck (17)
What is the primary cause of periodontal disease?
The presence of plaque bacteria and their toxic by products
Why are antibiotics fairly useless when treating periodontal disease?
The bacteria that cause it are present in plaque which is essentially a biofilm
What is calculus? Is it required for there to be periodontal disease?
Calculus is mineralized plaque ('tartar'). It is almost always present where there is periodontal disease, however, if it is not present it does not mean that there is no periodontal disease.
What is the normal gingival sulcus depth in dogs?
Describe the staging scale for periodontal disease.
0 = none present
1 = gingivitis with no attachment loss
2 = mild periodontitis with mild attachment loss (50% attachment loss
How can stage 1 periodontitis be reversed?
Scaling, cleaning and regular oral care
How do bacterial populations change with progression of periodontal disease?
Gram positive to gram negative obligate anaerobes as 02 saturation in the plaque decreases
What causes tissue destruction in periodontal disease?
the tissues immune response
What systemic diseases is periodontal disease associated with?
Increased system inflammatory factors
What are the different mobility stages?
1 - up to 0.5mm
2 - >0.5 1mm excursions
What should be assessed next if an incisor has mobility stage 2?
Whether there is gingival recession or pocket formation - if there is then extract. If not then don't extract, some mobility in these teeth is normal
What is a furcation?
A space under the tooth, these can be partial or a probe may go all the way under a tooth.
How is periodontal disease treated?
Scaling and Polishing
What may happen as a consequence of an ornasal fistula?
Food may enter the nasal cavity
What is an important reason to take a radiograph prior to performing extractions when periodontal disease is advanced?
Will be able to warn the owner that there is a risk of jaw fracture.
What is stomatitis?
Inflammation that extends beyond the mucogingival junction