Periodontal Disease and Stomatitis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Periodontal Disease and Stomatitis Deck (17):
1

What is the primary cause of periodontal disease?

The presence of plaque bacteria and their toxic by products

2

Why are antibiotics fairly useless when treating periodontal disease?

The bacteria that cause it are present in plaque which is essentially a biofilm

3

What is calculus? Is it required for there to be periodontal disease?

Calculus is mineralized plaque ('tartar'). It is almost always present where there is periodontal disease, however, if it is not present it does not mean that there is no periodontal disease.

4

What is the normal gingival sulcus depth in dogs?

1-3mm

5

Describe the staging scale for periodontal disease.

0 = none present
1 = gingivitis with no attachment loss
2 = mild periodontitis with mild attachment loss (50% attachment loss

6

How can stage 1 periodontitis be reversed?

Scaling, cleaning and regular oral care

7

How do bacterial populations change with progression of periodontal disease?

Gram positive to gram negative obligate anaerobes as 02 saturation in the plaque decreases

8

What causes tissue destruction in periodontal disease?

the tissues immune response

9

What systemic diseases is periodontal disease associated with?

Increased system inflammatory factors
Myocardial disease
Renal disease
Hepatitis

10

What are the different mobility stages?

1 - up to 0.5mm
2 - >0.5 1mm excursions

11

What should be assessed next if an incisor has mobility stage 2?

Whether there is gingival recession or pocket formation - if there is then extract. If not then don't extract, some mobility in these teeth is normal

12

What is a furcation?

A space under the tooth, these can be partial or a probe may go all the way under a tooth.

13

How is periodontal disease treated?

Extractions
Scaling and Polishing
Prevention/home care
advanced treatments

14

What may happen as a consequence of an ornasal fistula?

Food may enter the nasal cavity

15

What is an important reason to take a radiograph prior to performing extractions when periodontal disease is advanced?

Will be able to warn the owner that there is a risk of jaw fracture.

16

What is stomatitis?

Inflammation that extends beyond the mucogingival junction

17

What needs to be done if oral ulceration is discovered?

Be extra aggressive with extraction