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Biology of The Mind > Anatomy of the CNS > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy of the CNS Deck (48):
0

What is a slice from the anterior to the posterior?

Sagital

1

What is a slice from the left to the right?

Coronal

2

What is a slice horizontally?

Horizontal

3

What lobe is the primary somatosensory cortex, sensory association areas and wernickes area in?

Parietal lobe

4

What two parts of the cerebral cortex represent the body in the homunculus man?

The somatosensory cortex and the motor cortex

5

What lobe does the primary auditory cortex, auditory association area, limbic association cortex and the olfactory cortex belong to?

Temporal lobe

6

What does the occipital lobe control?

Sense of sight

7

What does the temporal lobe control?

Senses of smell and sound, as well as complex stimuli processing (eg. faces and senses)

8

What are the 4 lobes of the brain?

Frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal

9

What is the front of the brain anatomically termed?

Anterior

10

What three parts does the hindbrain include?

Pons, medulla oblongata and the cerebellum

11

Where is the 4th ventricle situated in the brain?

Behind the pons and medulla oblongata

12

What does the locus courcleus in pons contain?

Noradrenaline positive cells

13

Give the two areas of the rhombencephalon?

Metencephalon and myelencephalon

14

What is the prosencephalon?

Forebrain

15

What is the hindbrain called?

Rhombencephalon

16

What is the mesencephalon?

Midbrain

17

Where are myelinating glial cells made in a) the CNS and b) the PNS?

Oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells

18

What are in the pons/medulla contains the chemoreceptors trigger zone?

Postrema

19

In the midsagital part of the brain what connects the two hemispheres?

The corpus callosum

20

What in the diancephalon is involved in the endocrine function and homeostasis?

The hypothalamus

21

What is the frontal lobe in control of and want can damage to it lead to?

Conscious though and mood changes

22

What does the involuntary or autonomic NS control?

Heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, gut movements etc

23

What in the midbrain is the motor system which has dopamine contains cells?

Substantia nigra

24

What is the reticular formation of the medulla and hindbrain in control of?

Allergens and cardiovascular functions

25

What is the motor control structure?

Red nucleus

26

Hat is the limbic system involved in in the diancephalon?

Mood and emotion

27

What is the important relay nucleus in the diancephalon?

Dorsal thalamus

28

What are the cerebral and neo-cortex involved in in the telencephalon?

Higher functions

29

What is the penequeductal grey matter in the midbrain important for?

Emotive pain pathways and fear

30

High lobe is involved in processing visual spatial, integrating various sense and manipulation of objects?

Parietal lobe

31

Give three differences between a rat and a human brain?

Different in size, rats brains have little folding, the anatomical terminology is different

32

What is the space between the dura and the arachnoid mater called?

The subdural space

33

How is the top and bottom of the brain anatomically termed?

Superior and inferior

34

What are the gyri and sulci in the cerebral hemispheres?

Ridges and valleys

35

Name the three membranes from the inside out?

Pia, arachnoid and dura matter

36

What does the pituitary gland do in the diancephalon?

Control the release of hormone

37

Which membrane of the meninges enters the sulci?

The pia mater

38

Now many membranes are in the meninges?

3

39

Is the lower of upper toros medially represented?

Lower torso

40

What does the superios colliculus do in the midbrain?

Receives visual spatial inputs and brings the eyes to focus

41

What in the hindbrain contains 5-HT cells?

Raphe nuclei

42

What are the two sections of the occipital lobe?

Visual association area and primary visual cortex

43

What is part of the extra pyramidal motor cortex system (corpus striatum) in the telencephalon?

The basal ganglia

44

Hat four sections does the frontal lobe split into?

Prefrontal association area, Broca's area, premotor cortex and primary motor cortex

45

What is the claudate nucleus in the telencephalon involved in?

Motor disorders

46

Give the two areas of the prosencephalon?

Telencephalon and diancephalon

47

Where is the third ventricle situated?

Between the two cerebral hemispheres