Flashcards in Memory and Learning Deck (48)
The process of acquiring new information
Persistence of learning in a state that can revealed at a later time
Processing of incoming information to be stored
The result of acquisition and consolidation; creation and maintenance of a permanent record
Utilisation of stored information to create a conscious representation or to execute a learned behaviour
What does memory split into?
Short term/working memory and long term
Hat does long term memory further divide into?
Declarative and non-declarative
What are the two divisions of declarative, long-term memory which mean a) events and b) facts?
Episodic and semantic
What are the subdivisions of non-declarative, long-term memory?
Priming, skills/habits, associate conditioning which is split into skeletal musculature and emotional response.
Give the three memory mechanisms?
Sensory, long-term and short-term
Give an example of a sensory memory mechanism?
Recalling a sentence you are not paying attention to listening
What is a) visual and b) echoic memory in the sensory memory mechanism?
Visual-iconic and audition- echoic
Which memory mechanism is the quickest?
Sensory, then short then long
Give and example of a short term memory mechanism?
Remembering a phone number given by a friend before trying to dial it
-around a 7 item digit span
Give an example of a long term memory mechanism?
Recalling an event from childhood
How is short term memory made to last longer?
What is the process of changing short to long and long to short?
Short to long is encoding and long to short is retrieval
What is the capacity of the short term memory?
5-9 item span.
What is a memorist?
An individual with a remarkable memory. Most commonly for numbers. They use locational digit matching and visual imagery techniques to remember.
What is a working memory model?
A central executive mechanism which controls 2 subcoordinate systems in rehearsal
What is central executive?
Command and control centre
What is the phonological loop?
Mechanism for acoustically coding information in working memory.
What is a visual spatial sketch pad?
Information storage in visual or visual spatial codes
What are the two subcoordinate systems involved in rehearsal?
Phonological loop and visual partial sketch pad
What part of the brain effects visuospatial performance?
The parieto-occipital regions of both hemispheres
What part of the brain effects the phonological loop?
The left supra-marginal gyrus and left promoter region
What is another term for long term memory?
How is long term memory recalled?
By conscious effort
What is a recollection of an emotionally charged event?
A flashbulb memory.
Usually vivid, a form of long term memory, high confidence of the more but not necessarily very accurate