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Flashcards in Ancient Rome Deck (27):
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Story of Pompeii and Herculanuem

Pompeii and Herculaneum were very very wealthy cities in the south of Rome,
These two cities were built beside Mount Vesuvius, which was a volcano that had been quiet for 800 years.
In AD79, Vesuvius suddenly erupted.
Many people survived the first day.
Vesuvius erupted again on the second day.
Rocks and ashes covered the people.
These cities were then discovered in the late 1700s.

1

Patrician

The wealthy Roman citizens.

2

Plebeians

The poor Roman citizens.

3

Senate

The Roman government.

4

Republic

A type of government where the citizens can choose their own government

5

Forum

The place where the Roman market was held.

6

Via Sacra

A road going through the centre of the forum.

7

Legion

The Roman army was divided into legions, with 30 legions in total.

8

Auxilia

The back-up army was made up of conquered armies and friendly tribes.

9

Appian way

A road lines with tombstones to get to Rome

10

Insulae

The blocks of flat where the plebeians lived

11

Mosaic

Pictures and designs made from small pieces of glass

12

Atrium

A hall open to the sky in villas

13

Oratory

The art of public speaking

14

Dole

Handouts of bread from the government

15

Tunic

A plain piece of Roman clothing.

16

Stola

A long woollen tunic that women wore after they got married.

17

Pantheon

A temple to all gods in Ancient Rome

18

Lares

A shrine which the families prayed to each day.

19

Catacombs

Underground graveyards where the dead were buried.

20

Amphitheatre

A large stadium where entertainment was held.

21

caldarium

The hottest room in Roman baths which had a tub of very hot water

22

frigidarium

The cold room which had a pool filled with cold water.

23

strigil

An instrument the romans used to scrape dirt off in baths

24

Tepidarium

The warm room in Roman baths in which the Romans would stay in to get used to the heat

25

Colosseum

A large amphitheatre in Rome where the gladiator fights and other entertainment was held

26

List some Roman pastimes/entertainments/games

Board games, gladiator fights, Roman baths, chariot racing, wrestling