The industrialisation of Britain Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The industrialisation of Britain Deck (12):
1

Spinning Jenny

James Hargreaves

Eight times quicker than spinning wheel.
Yarn (thread) could be mass-produced

2

Water frame

Richard Arkwright

Could spin hundreds of threads at once
Produced cotton cloth
Speeded up move to factory system as it was large

3

Spinning mule

Samuel Crompton

Popular in cotton mills
Improved spinning (mass-produced thread)

4

Power loom

Edward Cortwright

Sped up production of cloth

5

Domestic system/cottage industry

Where people made cloth by hand in their own homes in the countryside

6

Mass production

Producing huge amounts of products (cloth) at a cheap price.

7

Factory

Building used to house large machines used in the production of products.

8

Smelting

The removal of iron from rock

9

Coke

Coke is what coal turns to when coal is burnt to remove harmful gases.

10

Seams

Layers of coal

11

Collier

A coalminer

12

Flying shuttle

John Kay

Twice as fast as previous loom
Needed three people working on loom to keep it supplied