The Drift to War 1933-39 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Drift to War 1933-39 Deck (13):
1

1) Rebuilding the German military

Ordered secret r armament, left League of Nations
Publicly announce reintroduction of conscription
Increased size of navy + built up airforce (Luftwaffle) - commanded by Herman Goering

2

2) Occupation of the Rhineland

March 1936 - troops crossed River Rhine, greeted by cheering crowds
Versailles agreement broken, French + British did nothing. Hitler gambled and won
Rome-Berlin Axis

3

Attitude of the British and French

French thought German army bigger than it was. Would not act without British support
British felt Treaty of Versailles was too harsh

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Hitler's aims

Tear up Treaty of Versailles
Unite German speakers outside Germany into a Greater Germany
See birth country become part of Germany
Believed French + British weak and wanted to avoid war

5

Steps to war

1. Rebuilding German military

2. Occupation of Rhineland

3. Appeasement

4. Austria - Anschluss

5. Sudetenland

6. Munich Conference

7. End of Czechoslovakia

8. Demands on Poland

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3. Appeasement

New PM in Britain - Neville Chamberlain

Did not want war - agree to Hitler's demands (appeasement)

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4. Austria - Anschluss

Hitler forced Austrian Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg to bring leading Austrian Nazis into gov.

German troops 'invited in'

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5. Sudetenland

Lack of reaction - Hitler took more risks

Sudetenland - German-speaking region of Czechoslovakia

Excuse - demands of Sudeten Germans to bring Ger. control

Fears of German attack on Czechoslovakia grew

9

6. Munich Conference

Neville Chamberlain tried to stop war w/ diplomacy

Mussolini proposed conference of Brit, Fran, Italy, Ger.

Czechoslovakia not invited + Russia

29 Sep 1938 - agreed to hand over Sudetenland

War prevented

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7. End of Czechoslovakia

Hitler sent troops into Czech lands

Brit. public opinion outraged

Chamberlain abandoned appeasement - Brit support Poland if attacked

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8. Demands on Poland

Germans resented losing land to Poland at WWI end

Hitler demanded return on Danzig (German-speaking town)

Poles refused

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9. Hitler and Stalin

Stalin believed Western Allies encouraging Hitler to attack Sov. U.

Hitler offered Stalin Alliance

Wanted Soviet neutrality

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

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10. War

1 Sep 1939 - German troops attacked Poland

Brit + France declared war on 3 Sep