The middle ages Flashcards Preview

History > The middle ages > Flashcards

Flashcards in The middle ages Deck (62)
Loading flashcards...
0

The feudal system

King

Vassals

Knights

Peasants

1

Demesne

The 1/4 of the land that the king kept for his own use.

2

Feudal system

The feudal system was how society was organised and how kand was owned in the middle ages.

3

Peasant

A peasant was at the lowest in the feudal system. They farmed the land and consisted for serfs and freemen.

4

Serf

A type of peasant in the Middle Ages. They belonged to a lord and farmed his land and could not leave the manor or get married without the lord's permission. They had to pay heavy taxes.

5

Freemen

Freemen were a type of peasant. They too had to pay taxes, but could travel and marry as they pleased.

6

Vassals

The name given to the king's followers. (lords, bishops, abbots)

7

Knights

Soldiers who rode into battle on horseback.

8

Medieval manor

The house and the village where the lord, the peasants and the baliff lived.

9

Open-field system

A farming method that peasants used where they divided the land into two. One part were the commons where all their animals grazed in, and the other were divided into strips per family.

10

Fallow

When the peasants rotated their crops, they left one field empty (fallow)

11

Wimple

A headdress that rich women wore.

12

Pottage

A mixture of porridge and vegetable soup commonly ate by peasants at their main meal of the day.

13

Bailiff

The lord appointed a bailiff to keep law and order, and to make sure all peasants paid rents and taxes.

14

Stocks

A tool used to punish people, where their head and hands were pur into sockets and have to stand there for several hours while onlookers can throw rotten food at them.

15

Ducking stool

Used to punish gossiping women by ducking them in water.

16

Tithe

The peasants had to give 1/10 of their crops to the priest as payment.

17

Motte and bailey

The first castles made out of wood and were simple to build.

18

Keep

The keep was the main building in the castle where the king and the lady, their family and some soldiers lived in.

19

Battlements

The top of the keep where the sentries kept guard.

20

Turrets

Turrets were strong towers along the walls

21

Drawbridge

a bridge raised at night or if an enemy approached.

22

Portcullis

An iron grill that could be lowered in front of the castle gate

23

Ramparts

The ramparts ran along the top of all walls where soldiers could walk on.

24

Latrines

The toilets of the castle, usually in the corner of a tower in the keep.

25

Forge

where the blacksmith worked.

26

Ballista

A machine resembling a giant crossbow used to fire large arrows

27

Motte

A small hill where the lord and his soldiers lived. There is a small wooden fort on top.

28

Bailey

A big enclosure below the motte. The lord and his soldiers lived here most of the time but if an enemy attacked, they went up into the motte.

29

Solar

The room where the lady of the castle used for work such as embroidery