The 1798 Rebellion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The 1798 Rebellion Deck (13):
0

Why was the current Irish Government unfair?

Because:
-Catholics, who made up the majority of the population, weren't allowed to become members of the parliament.

-Only wealthy people could vote. This was unfair because most of the population was poor.

-Final decisions were made by the King of England.

1

Ireland in the 1700s and its religions

Protestants:
Rich - Members of parliament
Poor - Vote for parliament

Catholics:
-All poor
-Cannot sit in parliament + cannot vote (under penal law)

Presbyterians:
-From Scotland
-Cannot sit in parliament * cannot vote (under penal laws)

2

Protestant ascendancy

All Ireland run by rich Protestants also known as Protestant Ascendancy.

3

Causes of the 1798 rebellion

-Support for the ideas of the French Revolution.

-Activities of tone and the United Irishmen.

-The unfair political system and the Protestant Ascendancy.

-War between Britain and France - hope for French help.

-Government's use of terror to crush the United Irishmen.

4

Penal laws

Laws passed to stop the Catholics from becoming powerful in Ireland.

5

Radical

A person with extreme views. They agreed with the ideals of the French Revolution in the 1798 rebellion.

6

Wolfe Tone

One of the leaders of the United Irishmen.

7

Orange Order

An order formed to protect British rule and protestants. They drove hundreds of Catholics from Ulster.

8

The United Irishmen

A society set up to unite Irishmen of all religions in achieving a fairer government for Ireland.

9

Yeomanry

A Protestant army formed which encouraged members of the new Orange Order to join.

10

Pitch-cap

A method of torture where a cloth filled with tar was placed on a suspect's head and then set alight.

11

Loyalist

A supporter of the British government. Most Protestants and a large number of Catholics supported the government.

12

Consequences of the 1798 rebellion

Brought great death and destruction to Ireland.
-British crushed it ruthlessly.
-Over 30,000 people died.
-Majority were rebels and civilians killed by British troops.

Army of uniting Catholics and Protestants didn't succeed.
-Massacres of Protestant civilians in Wexford.
-Many Protestants and Presbyterians who were sympathetic to the United Irishmen were shocked by these events.
-They became fearful of what would happen if Ireland got independence --> became strong supporters of British rule.