Ano-rectal Conditions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ano-rectal Conditions Deck (12):
1

What are the common presentations of ano-rectal abnormalities?

Pain
Haemorrhage
Dysfunction

2

What are the different types of ano rectal abnormalities?

Inflammation
Trauma
Malignancy
Infection

3

What are the congenital causes of ano rectal abnormalities?

Imperforate anus
Uro-genital fistulae
Hirschprung's myenteric plexus deficiency

4

What are the acquired causes of ano rectal abnormalities?

Haemorrhoids
Fissure
Abscess
Fistula in ano
Ulceration
Cancer
Control of continence

5

What are haemorrhoids?

Vascular tissue swells up filling the anal canal

6

What are the complications of haemorrhoids?

Pain
Bleeding after defecaetion
Altered function

7

When are anal fissures classified as chronic?

After 6 weeks

8

How are anal fissures treated?

Smooth muscle relaxant (diltiazem calcium blocker, glyceryl trinitrate paste)
Surgery
Internal lateral sphincterotomy

9

What is the primary treatment for peri anal abscesses?

Drainage

10

What are the complications of peri anal abscesses?

Incontinence
Damage to the sphincter

11

What are the risk factors for fistula in ano?

Diabetes
Crohns disease

12

What are the risk factors for anal ulceration?

Crohn's disease
Malignancy
Syphilis
Nicorandil