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Flashcards in Liver structure and function Deck (15):
1

What are the 4 lobes of the liver?

Right
Left
Caudate
Quadrate

2

Which lobe is bigger?

Right

3

What 3 structures make up the porta?

Hepatic portal vein
Hepatic artery
hepatic duct

4

What ducts pass through the Sphincter of Oddi?

Common bile duct
Pancreatic duct

5

What is the are area of the liver?

Only area not covered by connective tissue and visceral peritoneum

6

What does the coronary ligament attach?

Attaches liver to underside of diaphragm

7

What are the functional cells of the liver called?

Hepatocytes

8

What are the bile canaliculus

Cleft like lumens that lie between cells within each cord

9

What are sinusoids?

Fenestrated capillaries that process blood as it comes through

10

What are the functions of the liver?

Production and secretion of bile

11

What is the function of the Sphincter of Oddi?

Controls release of bile and pancreatic juice into duodenum

12

What layer is the gallbladder missing?

Submucosa

13

What is the process of bilirubin?

Bilirubin extracted from blood by hepatocytes and secreted into bile
Bilirubin modified bacterial enzymes
Reabsorbed bilirubin excreted in urine

14

Where are bile acids made?

Synthesised in the liver from cholesterol

15

What happens to bile acid before it is secreted?

Conjugated with glycine or taurine