Flashcards in Biliary surgery and Gallstones Deck (15):
What is the function of the gallbladder?
Secretion of bile after meal
What are the risk factors for gallstones?
Gender (9:1 females)
4F (female, forty, fertile, fair)
Long term low fat diet
How do gallstones present?
Acute cholecystitis (RUQ pain)
What are choledocho-lithiasis?
Bile duct stones
What are the symptoms of obstructive jaundice?
What are the investigations for gallstones?
What are the management options for gallstones?
What are the causes of benign biliary tract disease?
Congenital (biliary atresia, choledochal cysts)
Benign biliary stricture (iatrogenic, gallstone related, inflammatory)
What is the cause of primary sclerosis cholangitis?
Association with inflammatory bowel disease especially ulcerative colitis, thought to be autoimmune
What are the risk factors for cholangiocarcinoma?
Primary sclerosis cholangitis
Congenital cystic disease
Biliary enteric drainage
What are the 3 types of cholangiocarcinoma
How does cholangiocarcinoma present?
None specific symptoms
What investigations are used for cholangiocarcinoma?
How is cholangiocarcinoma managed?
Surgery only potential curative option
Palliative (bypass, stenting)
Radio/chemo don't work