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Flashcards in Anxiety and Anxiety Disorder Deck (21)
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1

Anxiety

vague feeling of dread or apprehension; response to external stimuli that can have behavioral, emotional, cognitive and physical symptoms

2

Fear

feeling afraid or threatened by identifiable stimulus representing danger

3

Anxiety Disorders

a group of conditions that share a key feature of excessive anxiety with ensuing behavioral, emotional, cognitive, and physiologic responses

4

Stress

the wear and tear that life causes on the body

5

What are Selye's 3 stages of reaction to stress?

-Alarm reaction sage
-Resistance Stage
-Exhaustion Stage

6

Alarm Reaction Stage

preparation for defense

7

Resistance Stage

Body shunts blood to areas needed for defense

8

Exhaustion Stage

occurs when a person has responded negatively to anxiety and stress: body stores are depleted, or the emotional components are not resolved

9

Mild Anxiety

Warrants special attention
Increased sensory stimulation
Motivates people to make changes

10

Moderate Anxiety

The disturbing feeling that something is definitely wrong
Nervousness/agitation
Difficulty concentrating
Able to be directed

11

Severe Anxiety

Trouble thinking and reasoning
Tightened muscles
Increased vitals
Restless
Irritable/angry

12

Panic Anxiety

fight, flight, or freeze response
increased vitals
dilated pupils
cognitive processes focusing on defense

13

What are some types of anxiety disorders?

-Agoraphobia
-Panic Disorder
-Specific phobia
-Social anxiety disorder
-Generalized anxiety disorder

14

Selective Mutism

diagnosed in children when they fail to speak in social situations even when they are able to speak

15

Anxiety Disorder due to Another medical condition

diagnosed when the prominent symptoms of anxiety are judged to result directly from a physiologic condition

16

Substance/medication induced anxiety disorder

anxiety directly caused by drug abuse, a medication, or exposure to a toxin

17

Separation Anxiety Disorder

excessive anxiety concerning separation from home or from persons, parents, or caregivers to whom the client is attached

18

What are the 2 medications used to treat anxiety disorders?

Anxiolytics and antidepressants

19

Positive Reframing

turning negative messages into positive ones

20

Decatastrophizing

involves the therapist's use of questions to more realistically appraise the situation

21

Assertiveness Training

helps the person take more control over life situations; learn to negotiate interpersonal situations