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Flashcards in Neuro Theories & Psychopharmacology Deck (64)
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1

Neurotransmitters

chemical substances to facilitate neurotransmission

2

Excitatory Neurotransmitters

Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Epinephrine
Glutamate

3

Dopamine

complex movement
motivation
cognition
regulation of emotional response

4

Norepinephrine

attention, learning, memory
sleep, wakefulness
mood regulation

5

Epinephrine

fight or flight response

6

Inhibitory Neurotransmitters

Serotonin
GABA

7

Serotonin

food intake, sleep, wakefulness, temperature, pain control, sexual behaviors, mood

8

GABA

modulation of other neurotransmitters

9

Excitatory or Inhibitory

Acetylcholine

10

Acetylcholine

sleep and wakefulness cycle-signals muscles to become alert

11

Histamine

neuromodulator

12

Neurobiologic Causes

Genetics and Heredity
Psychoimmunology
Infections

13

Genetics and Heredity

Play a role, but is NOT solely genetic

14

Psychoimmunology

compromised immunity system possible contributes, especially in "at risk" populations

15

Infections

particularly viruses during fetal development

16

Psychotropic Drugs

Antipsychotic
Antidepressants
Mood stabilizers
Anxiolytics
Stimulants

17

Efficacy

the maximal therapeutic effect a drug can achieve

18

Potency

the amount of the drug needed to achieve the maximum effect

19

Off-Label Use

a drug will prove effective for a disease that differs from the one involved in original testing and FDA approval

20

Black Box Warning

label the FDA will issue if a drug is found to have serious or life threatening side effects, even of the side effects are rare

21

How is a medication selected?

Based on the effect on the client's target symptoms

22

Should older adults start out with a higher dosage or a lower dosage?

lower

23

Should psychotropic drugs be stopped abruptly or slowly tapered off?

Tapering rather than abruptly to avoid rebound or withdrawal

24

Rebound

temporary return of symptoms

25

Withdrawal

new symptoms resulting from discontinuation of the drug

26

What is essential for ensuring compliance with the medication regime?

Follow-up care

27

What may increase compliance with the medication regime?

Simple regime

28

Antipsychotic Drugs

used to treat psychotic symptoms by blocking dopamine receptors

29

Antipsychotic Agents-Neuroleptics

Typical, First Generation or Conventional
Atypical Second Generation
Third Generation

30

First Generation Antipsychotics

Thorazine
Fluphenazine
Thioridazine
Haloperidol
Loxapine