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Flashcards in Foundations of Psych Deck (36)
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1

Mental Health

-difficult to define
-no universal definition
-dynamic/ever changing

2

What are the primary influencing factors of mental health?

-Individual or personal
-Interpersonal or relationship
-Social/cultural or environmental

3

Individual or Personal Influencing Factors

biological makeup
self-esteem
stress and coping mechanisms

4

Interpersonal or Relationship Influencing Factors

effective communication

5

Social/cultural or Environmental Influencing Factors

access to adequate resources
positive and realistic worldview
stigma

6

Mental Illness includes disorders that affect what?

Mood
Behavior
Thinking

7

General Criteria for Diagnosis

-discontent w/ characteristics, abilities, and accomplishments
-unsatisfying relationships
-frustrations w/ one's place in the world
-ineffective coping
-lack of personal growth

8

What is are the purposes of the DSM-5?

-provide standardized terminology and language
-Identify defining characteristics or symptoms
-assist in identifying underlying causes of disorders

9

The DSM-5 allows the practitioner to identify all factors that relate to a person's condition including what?

-all major psychiatric disorders
-medical conditions
-psychosocial and environmental problems that may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis

10

What was Aristotle's theory of mental disorders?

Aristotle believed mental disorders were caused by an imbalance between the "4 Humors" of the body
(Blood, water, yellow, and black bile)

11

How was the imbalance of the 4 humors corrected?

blood letting, purging, or starvation

12

How did early Christians view mental disorders?

Believed people were possessed by demons

13

Period of Enlightenment

Creation of Asylums
Moral treatment of the mentally ill

14

Dorothea Dix

Brought asylums to the United States

15

Who coined the 4 A's of Schizophrenia?

Eugene Bleuler

16

4 A's of Schizophrenia

Affect
Autism
Ambivalence
Associations

17

Affect

inappropriate or flattened emotion incongruent to circumstance or situation

18

Autism

social withdrawal- preferring to live in a fantasy world

19

Ambivalence

holding conflicting attitudes and emotions towards others and self

20

Association

loosening of thoughts

21

When were the first psychotropic drugs developed? And what were the first two?

1950's
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)- antipsychotic
Lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid)- antimanic

22

Deinstitutionalization

shift from state hospitals to community facilities

23

Legislation for disability Income

SSI and SSDI

24

Changes in Commitment Laws

more difficult to commit people for mental health treatment

25

How many Americans 18+ have diagnosable mental disorders?

More than 18.6% (43.7 million)

26

How many Americans have a substance use disorder?

20.7 million

27

How many of the population have a dual diagnosis?

8.4 million

28

How many adults plus children/adolescents live with impaired daily activities r/t mental illness or serious emotional disturbance?

15 million adults plus 4 million children/adolescents

29

What is the leading cause of disability in the US and Canada for those ages 15-44?

mental illness

30

Who was the first American Psychiatric nurse?

Linda Richards