Flashcards in Foundations of Psych Deck (36)
-difficult to define
-no universal definition
What are the primary influencing factors of mental health?
-Individual or personal
-Interpersonal or relationship
-Social/cultural or environmental
Individual or Personal Influencing Factors
stress and coping mechanisms
Interpersonal or Relationship Influencing Factors
Social/cultural or Environmental Influencing Factors
access to adequate resources
positive and realistic worldview
Mental Illness includes disorders that affect what?
General Criteria for Diagnosis
-discontent w/ characteristics, abilities, and accomplishments
-frustrations w/ one's place in the world
-lack of personal growth
What is are the purposes of the DSM-5?
-provide standardized terminology and language
-Identify defining characteristics or symptoms
-assist in identifying underlying causes of disorders
The DSM-5 allows the practitioner to identify all factors that relate to a person's condition including what?
-all major psychiatric disorders
-psychosocial and environmental problems that may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis
What was Aristotle's theory of mental disorders?
Aristotle believed mental disorders were caused by an imbalance between the "4 Humors" of the body
(Blood, water, yellow, and black bile)
How was the imbalance of the 4 humors corrected?
blood letting, purging, or starvation
How did early Christians view mental disorders?
Believed people were possessed by demons
Period of Enlightenment
Creation of Asylums
Moral treatment of the mentally ill
Brought asylums to the United States
Who coined the 4 A's of Schizophrenia?
4 A's of Schizophrenia
inappropriate or flattened emotion incongruent to circumstance or situation
social withdrawal- preferring to live in a fantasy world
holding conflicting attitudes and emotions towards others and self
loosening of thoughts
When were the first psychotropic drugs developed? And what were the first two?
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)- antipsychotic
Lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid)- antimanic
shift from state hospitals to community facilities
Legislation for disability Income
SSI and SSDI
Changes in Commitment Laws
more difficult to commit people for mental health treatment
How many Americans 18+ have diagnosable mental disorders?
More than 18.6% (43.7 million)
How many Americans have a substance use disorder?
How many of the population have a dual diagnosis?
How many adults plus children/adolescents live with impaired daily activities r/t mental illness or serious emotional disturbance?
15 million adults plus 4 million children/adolescents
What is the leading cause of disability in the US and Canada for those ages 15-44?