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Flashcards in Psychosocial Theories and Therapies Deck (64)
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1

Who developed the Psychoanalytic theory?

Sigmund Freud

2

Psychoanalytic Theory

Believes all human behavior is caused and can be explained
-Repressed sexual impulses, desires as motivation for behavior

3

What are the three personality components developed by Freud?

Id
Ego
Superego

4

Id

Innate desires
Pleasure seeking
Aggression
Sexual impulses

5

Ego

Balancing/mediating force b/t in the Id and Superego
Mature adaptive behavior

6

Superego

Moral and ethical values
Parental

7

Ego Defense Mechanisms

methods of attempting to protect the self and cope with basic drives or emotionally painful thoughts, feelings, or events

8

Compensation

overachievement in one area to offset real or perceived deficiencies in another area

9

Denial

failure to acknowledge an unbearable condition; failure to admit the reality of a situation

10

Displacement

ventilation of intense feelings towards persons less threatening than the one who aroused those feelings

11

Identification

modeling actions and opinions of influential others while searching for identity or aspiring to reach a personal, social, or occupational goal

12

Intellectualization

Separation of the emotions of a painful event or situation from the facts involved; acknowledging the facts and not the emotions

13

Projection

unconscious blaming of unacceptable inclinations or thoughts on an external object

14

Rationalization

Excusing own behavior to avoid guilt, responsibility, conflict, anxiety, or loss of self-respect

15

Regression

moving back to a previous developmental stage to feel safe or have needs met

16

Repression

Excluding emotionally painful or anxiety-provoking thoughts and feelings from conscious awareness

17

What are the Psychosexual stages of development?

Oral
Anal
Phallic/oedipal
Latency
Genital

18

Transference

when the client displaces into the therapist attitudes and feelings that the client originally experienced in other relationships

19

Countertransference

Occurs when the therapist displaces onto the client attitudes or feelings from his or her past

20

Psychoanalysis

focus on discovering causes of patient's unconscious, repressed thoughts, feelings, conflicts, related to anxiety
-dream analysis

21

Who came up with the 8 stages of psychosocial development?

Erik Erikson

22

Trust vs Mistrust (infant)

Hope
viewing the world as safe and reliable
relationships nurturing, stable, and dependable

23

Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt (toddler)

Will
Achieving a sense of control and free will

24

Initiative vs Guilt (preschool)

Purpose
Beginning development of conscience
Learning to manage conflict and anxiety

25

Industry vs Inferiority (school age)

Competence
Emerging confidence in own abilities
Taking pleasure in accomplishments

26

Identity vs Role Confusion (adolescence)

Fidelity
Formulating sense of self and belonging

27

Intimacy vs Isolation (young adult)

Love
Forming adult, loving relationships and meaningful attachments to others

28

Generativity vs stagnation (middle adult)

Care
Being creative and productive; establishing the next generation

29

Ego Integrity vs Despair (maturity)

Wisdom
Accepting responsibility for one's self and life

30

Jean Piaget's four stages of Cognitive Development

Sensorimotor
Preoperational
Concrete Operations
Formal Operations